Book: Private Empire: ExxonMobil and American Power

Previous: BIBLIOGRAPHY
Book main: Foreword

Index

 

The page numbers in this index refer to the printed version of this book. To find the corresponding locations in the text of this digital version, please use the “search” function on your e-reader. Note that not all terms may be searchable.

Abacha, Sani, 461–62

Abakar, Abdelkarim, 359

Abayak company, 142

ABC, 502

Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia, xv, 207, 209, 543

natural gas initiative of, 201–4, 207, 208

Abdullah, Zaini, 117

Abraham, Spencer, 90, 252, 321

Abu Dhabi, 62

Upper Zakum oil field of, 322–24

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, 322

Abu Jack (Zackaria Ahmad), xv, 93, 96–99, 114, 118

Aceh war, 93–121, 221

atrocities and human rights violations in, 101–5, 107, 110–11, 114, 118, 120, 396–98, 400

Banda-Aceh meeting in, 115–17, 118

Bush (G. W.) administration and, 395–96, 400

di Tiro and, 96–97

ExxonMobil and, 98–102, 106, 107–11, 112–14, 116–17, 118, 143, 398–99

Gelbard’s diplomacy in, 99–102, 114, 115–20

John Doe lawsuit and, 120, 399–406, 621

Mobil and, 93–98, 102–3, 105, 106, 107, 143

peace accord in, 394–95

rebel extortion campaign in, 93, 97–98

T.N.I.-ExxonMobil relationship in, 107, 108–11

T.N.I.’s political power and, 107

U.S. role in, 112–14

acid rain, 536, 619

Afghanistan, 281, 293

Africa Command, U.S., 471, 473–74, 476

Africa Global, 145–46, 147

“African Oil: A Priority for U.S. National Security and African Development” (symposium), 174

Africa Partnership Station, 472, 516

Airlie Center conference, 343–47

Ait-Laoussine, Nordine, 573

Akpabio, Godswill, 465, 467

Alaska, 2–3, 6, 7, 10, 11–12, 32, 68, 70, 123, 124

BP pipeline disaster in, 612

natural gas deposits in, 201, 580

offshore drilling in, 605

Albers, Mark, 493

Alger Electric, 374, 376

Algeria, 52, 172, 197, 222, 293

Alien Tort Claims Act, 119, 401–2, 403

Allbritton, Joseph, 152

Allexson, Kevin, 620

Al Qaeda, 149, 172, 173, 174, 205, 207, 297, 400, 470

alternate energy, 436–50, 505, 535, 634n

battery technology and, 448–49

Bush (G. W.) administration and, 436–37

energy independence and, 439–41

alternate energy (cont.)

ethanol as, 445–48

ExxonMobil and, 437–38, 549

hybrid cars and, 449–50

hydrogen as, 437, 444–45

resource curse cycle and, 440

technological revolution and, 441–42, 444

Tillerson and, 442–43, 447, 450

2030 Outlook Review and, 442–43

U.S. oil dependency and, 435–37

Alvarez, Bernardo, 424

Alyeska Emergency Center, 632n

Alyeska Pipeline Service, 10–11

Amerada Hess, 142, 146, 147, 149, 283, 291, 294, 297, 299

see also Hess Corporation

American Chemical Council, 479, 491

American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 68, 184, 270, 302, 536

Global Climate Science Team of, 85–86, 87

oil scale of, 413

American International Group, Inc., 528

American Petroleum Institute (A.P.I.), 60, 72, 73, 84, 85–86, 413, 488, 505, 537, 547

Amnesty International, 504

Amoco, 60, 64, 265, 578, 611

Amundson, Neal, 79

Anderson, Benedict, 524

Angelos, Peter G., 384, 620–21

Angola, 18, 139, 149, 150, 222, 282, 284, 286, 293, 360, 453, 471, 516, 521, 608

Annapolis Center for Science-Based Public Policy, 86–87

Arab Spring, 162

ARCO Juneau, 3

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 70

Argentina, 26

Armed Forces for a Federal Republic (F.A.R.F.), 167

Armey, Richard, 538

Arms and the African (Foltz), 171

Association for the Conservation of Energy, 309

Atkiss, Tony, 213

Atlantic Richfield, 3, 36, 487, 611

Atlas Shrugged (Rand), 334

Attah, Victor, xiv, 452, 458–60, 465, 466

Attiyah, Abdullah Bin Hamad Al-, 198

Auke Bay Laboratories, 123–25, 128–29

Australia, 51, 94, 224, 589, 619

Austria, 17

Auty, Richard M., 166

Avatar (film), 528

Azerbaijan, 18, 168, 222, 232, 565

Aznar, José María, 285, 290–91, 293

Baddin, Neal, 527–28

Baharuddin (torture victim), 397–98

Bahrain, 195

Bailey, David P., 547

Baldwin, Maurice W., Jr., 387–88, 393

Baltimore Sun, 384

Bandar Bin Sultan, Prince of Saudi Arabia, 202

Bank of New York, 427, 429–30, 431

Barbour, Haley, 91

Barbour Griffith & Rogers, 291–92

Barclays Capital, 588, 589, 591, 597

Barnett Shale, 577–78, 584

Baron, Valerie, 490

Barron’s, 577

Barrymore, Drew, 208

Barton, Joe, xiv, 487–94, 496

Barzani, Masoud, 570

Bashir, Omar Al-, 242, 356–57, 358

Batts, Deborah, 433–34

BearingPoint, Inc., 565

Beautiful Vision, Inc., 526

Bechtel Corporation, 96, 97

Beggar of Hope, The (Le Mendiant de l’Espoir) (Haggar), 171

Bellachey, Brenda, 130

Benchmark Capital, 591

Bennett, Jack, 62

Bennett, John, 139, 146

Benson, Sally, 444

benzene, 381, 386

Berezovsky, Boris, 271

Berlin Wall, 17, 19

Bingaman, Jeff, 321

Bingel, Kelly, 551

Bin Laden, Osama, 172, 400

Bin Nayef, Mohammed, 207

Black, Hugo, 401

Black, Ronnie, 43

Blair, Tony, 106, 220, 224, 240, 285, 290, 523, 611

Blankfein, Lloyd, 554

Bodkin, Jim, 130

Bodman, Samuel, 143, 248, 323, 545, 560, 563

Boeing Corporation, 153

Booth, John Wilkes, 542

Borico, Miguel, 292

Bowdoin College, 132

Bowen, Russell, xiii, 375–76, 378

Boxer, Barbara, 320, 486

Boyce, Ralph “Skip,” 113, 117

Boy Scouts of America, 333, 335, 541

Brazil, 18, 446, 448

Breakingviews, 591

Breast Cancer Fund, 483, 485–86, 491

Bremer, Paul, 231, 232, 236

Bridgeland, John, 90

Brill, Ken, 91–92

Bristol-Myers, 80, 91

British Petroleum (BP), 2–3, 10, 16–17, 31, 36–37, 40, 51, 52, 57, 62, 64, 70, 85, 107, 161, 198, 218, 255, 259, 261, 264, 274, 320, 322, 326, 340, 342, 414, 415, 418, 421, 423, 425, 457, 546, 549, 550, 568, 575, 578, 595, 608, 609, 613, 615, 616

Browne’s tenure at, 610–12

climate change issue and, 224–26

ExxonMobil’s rivalry with, 224

liquefied natural gas industry and, 581

logo of, 224

political neutrality of, 226

poor safety culture of, 612, 614

proposed Mobil merger with, 58–59

proposed XTO merger and, 581–82

solar investment of, 224–25

Texas City disaster and, 612

Voluntary Principles and, 404–5

see also Deepwater Horizon disaster

Brookings Institution, 344, 537, 553

Brooklyn, 3

Brooks, Karen, 113

Browne, John, 16–17, 57, 59–61, 64, 224–25, 226, 259, 264–65, 340, 610–12

Browner, Carol, 539–40, 542–43

Buchan, Graeme, 451–52, 459

Buchholtz, Walter, 86, 340, 493

Buffett, Warren, 577

Bundy, Darcie A., 215

Burma, 244

Burt, Richard, 292

Bush, Barbara, 235

Bush, George H. W., 13, 69, 80–81, 235, 247, 252, 314, 557, 565

Bush, George W., xiv, 76, 77, 143, 145–47, 181, 229, 239, 248, 249, 257, 258, 266, 277, 278, 280, 285, 290, 293, 301, 340, 364, 412, 418, 430, 444, 468, 531, 543, 557, 559, 568, 570

addiction-to-oil speech of, 435–39, 445

on alternate energy, 436–37

on climate change, 89, 90, 91, 303

Consumer Safety Act signed by, 493

Equatorial Guinea policy and, 294–96

in Moscow visit, 258–59

oil dependency issue and, 303–4

Putin and, 250–51, 252

Bush, Jeb, 606

Bush, Laura, 250

Bush (G.H.W.) administration, 162, 280

Bush (G. W.) administration, 70, 101, 112–13, 114, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 134–35, 174–75, 183, 189, 204, 205, 254, 259, 265, 266, 267, 274, 276, 277, 290–91, 301–2, 304, 365, 441, 499, 545, 561, 563, 564, 568–69, 570, 620, 622

Aceh war intervention of, 395–96, 400

alternate energy issue and, 436–37

Chad and, 366–67

Chavez regime and, 411–12

China oil policy and, 242

climate change issue and, 179, 183–84, 337–38

climate change working group of, 89–91

energy policy and, 69

Equatorial Guinea policy and, 143, 145–46, 147–49, 296, 514–15, 518, 520, 531, 532

Iraq oil industry and, 564–66, 572

Iraq War and, 228, 231, 236–37, 247–48

John Doe lawsuit and, 401–2

Nigeria policy and, 468–69

Voluntary Principles and, 404

BusinessWeek, 104

Calil, Eli, 285

Cameron, James, 528

Cameroon, 138–39, 141–42, 145, 147, 150, 154, 155, 350, 515

Chad-Kribi pipeline and, 163–65

Campbell, John, 143–44, 455–56, 462

Canada, 51, 58, 440, 453, 598

and pipeline to U.S., 623

tar sands deposits of, 55, 192, 421, 544–48

U.S. oil relationship with, 544, 548

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 546

cap-and-trade system, 226, 535, 538–40, 547, 551, 555

Brookings study on, 553–54

ExxonMobil’s opposition to, 536–37, 541

Obama on, 540–41

Waxman-Markey bill and, 552–53

carbon dioxide, 78, 80, 83–84, 88, 89, 91, 226, 311, 348, 436, 617–18, 619, 620

carbon tax, 535–36, 539, 541–43, 556, 596

ExxonMobil’s endorsement of, 537–39, 541, 549, 552–53

Carlon, Joseph R., 30

Carroll, Philip J., Jr., 231, 233, 235–36, 565

Carson, Johnnie, 471, 531

Carter, Jimmy, 238–39, 401, 435

Carter, Susan, 341

Carter administration, 76

Cassidy & Associates, 291–92, 295, 296, 297, 518–20

Castel, P. Kevin, 430, 431, 432–33

Catholic Relief Services, 167, 169

Cato Institute for Public Policy Research, 184

Cazzaniga, Vicenzo, 197–98

Cejka, Tim, 587, 591–92

Center for Policy Innovation, 552

Center for Public Integrity, 612

Center for Responsive Politics, 494

Center for Strategic and International Studies, 613

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 482

Central African Republic, 155

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 2, 72, 207, 238, 241, 297, 470, 516

Chad operations of, 172–73, 174–75, 352–53

Equatorial Guinea coup and, 292–93

M.E.N.D. analyzed by, 463

Cerro Negro Association Agreement, 414

Chad, 20, 154–76, 192, 232, 349–70, 440, 453, 522, 622

Al Qaeda threat and, 172–73

Bush (G. W.) administration’s agreement with, 366–67

Chad-Kribi pipeline in, 163–66

C.I.A. operations in, 172–73, 174–75, 352–53

corruption and waste in, 353–54, 356, 359

Darfur crisis and, 356–57, 362–65

Déby coup in, 155–57

Esso’s exploration of, 157–58

ExxonMobil’s operations in, 159–60, 162–63, 167–70, 349–51, 354–55, 359, 361–62, 367–68, 370

F.A.R.F. suppressed in, 167

Habré regime of, 155

Kome-5 faculty of, 349–50, 354

Obama’s visit to, 368–70

oil deposits of, 157–58

rebel raid on, 363–64

resource curse and, 166–67, 360

Sahel region of, 172, 173

State Department and, 154, 354

Sudan conflict and, 351–52, 356–57, 363–64

tax dispute and, 367–68

U.S. relations with, 158–59, 170, 174–75

Wolfowitz-World Bank crisis of, 360–66, 367

World Bank-Exxon deal and, 163–69, 350, 353–56, 358

Chaplin, John Paul, xiii, 453–54, 456, 457, 465, 467, 469–70

Chaves, Milton, 424

Chavez, Hugo, xv, 408–9, 411–12, 424, 425, 426–28, 432–34

Orinoco operations seizure and, 422–23

royalties dispute and, 415–17

see also Venezuela

chemical industry, 478–87

DINP and, 482–84, 486, 487

ExxonMobil lobbying and, 485–87

Hazard Index and, 481

phthalates used in, 481–87, 489–91

precautionary principle and, 480, 484–85

risk analysis and, 479–81, 484

Cheney, Lynne, 68, 270

Cheney, Richard B., xiv, 76, 77, 143, 145–46, 162, 173, 181, 204, 205, 235, 243–45, 255, 267, 270, 304, 323, 324, 406, 438, 462, 497

energy policy and, 69–70, 89–91, 320–21

Raymond’s friendship with, 70–71, 239–40, 247–48, 276

Chesapeake Energy, 591

Chesebro, Stephen, 262

Chevalier, Jeff, 611

Chevron Corporation, 31, 36, 40, 51, 70, 277, 322, 340, 488, 550, 578, 595–96, 608

Chad and, 159, 172, 368, 369–70

Iraqi oil industry and, 229, 568

Kazakhstan project of, 252

liquefied natural gas industry and, 581

lobbying by, 342, 540–41

Nigeria and, 454, 457, 463, 475

oil reserves of, 58

R.O.C.E. of, 596

Russian oil industry and, 254–55, 258–59, 273

Texaco merged with, 61, 275, 277

Venezuela operations of, 414, 415, 418

Chile, 287

China, People’s Republic of, 18, 81, 82, 83, 224, 240–45, 246, 247, 266, 272–73, 297, 303, 308, 310, 324, 345, 368, 415, 425, 440, 449, 453, 486, 512, 513, 546, 547, 555, 559, 617, 618, 620

Africa oil trade of, 241–42

“Go Out” policy of, 241

oil dependency of, 243–44

oil imports of, 240–41, 420, 422

U.S. Navy and, 243–44, 245

Chong, Tommy, 108, 110

Chow, Ed, 36

Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel (C.H.A.P.), 483, 492

Chu, Steven, 543

Cirigliano, Tom, 187

CITGO gas stations, 430

Citigroup, 169, 315, 361

Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission, 624

Clark, Wayne, 520–21

Clarke, D. L., 382

Clement, Paul, 406–7

Climate Central, 620

climate change, 134, 179, 240, 311, 545, 583

Airlie Center conference on, 345–47

BP and, 224–26

Bush administration and, 179, 183–84, 337–38

Bush working group on, 89–91

Copenhagen talks on, 555

ExxonMobil and, 91–92, 179–80, 182–86, 187, 310–11, 534–35, 536–37, 543

forecasts of, 310–11

Global System Model of, 337

greenhouse effect and, 77–78

G. W. Bush’s skepticism of, 303

Kyoto Protocol and, see Kyoto Protocol

oil industry and, 84–89

public confusion on, 619–20

Raymond’s doubts of, 181, 183, 184–85, 187, 309, 311

Rio summit and, 80–81

Tillerson and, 335–38, 347, 534–35, 536–37, 543, 596

2000 election and, 181

2008 election and, 504–6

see also cap-and-trade system; carbon tax; global warming

Climate Research Board, 78

Clinton, Bill, 165, 224, 343, 540, 549, 550, 554, 570

Clinton, Hillary, 76, 302, 341–42, 498–99, 531, 550–51

Clinton administration, 68, 70, 81, 85, 86, 104, 106, 145, 167, 168, 189, 220, 253, 367, 485, 543, 620

Clinton Global Initiative, 549, 554–55

Coalition Provisional Authority (C.P.A.), 231, 561–62, 564, 565, 567, 569

Coast Guard, U.S., 3, 4, 5, 6–7, 10, 11, 13, 14–15, 476

Coburn, Leonard, 255, 274

Cohen, Herman “Hank,” 162–63

Cohen, Ken, xiii, 320, 342, 348, 448, 479, 496, 501, 538, 542, 549–50, 555

at Airlie Center conference, 343–44, 345–47

background of, 215–16

cap-and-trade opposed by, 537

climate change issue and, 86, 225, 335–38, 339, 504, 505, 532–33

ExxonMobil P.A.C. and, 340–41

Exxon’s public image and, 331–32

human rights issue and, 221, 222–23

political contributions of, 494, 495

public affairs department directed by, 213–14, 217, 219–20, 305

2030 forecast campaign and, 309, 312

cold war, 17, 20, 51, 158, 245

Coleman, Norm, 298, 416

Colgate-Palmolive, 80

Collingsworth, Terry, 119–21, 399, 403–6

Colombia, 106, 342

Colton, William, 442–43, 493

Communist Party, Chinese, 214

Communist Party, Hungarian, 17

Communist Party, Indonesian, 102

Communist Party, Italian, 198

Competitive Enterprise Institute, 86, 345

Congress, U.S., 69, 80, 88, 125, 184, 189, 200, 224, 304, 341, 382, 437, 482, 486, 487, 516, 539, 548, 589, 604, 607, 619

ethanol mandate in, 446–48

Exxon’s lobbying of, 71–77, 84, 87, 183, 246, 301–3, 339–43, 481, 496, 534–35, 542–43, 548, 551

2008 election and, 505

see also House of Representatives, U.S.; Senate, U.S.

Congressman Joe Barton Committee, 493

Connor, John Alan, 108–9

Conoco Phillips, 50, 61, 107, 199, 229, 340, 414, 425, 590, 595, 597, 608

Consumer Energy Alliance, 547

Consumer Product Safety Commission, 483–84, 485, 487, 491–93

Consumer Product Safety Improvements Act of 2008, 486

Controlled Risk Group, 458–59

Controls Integrity Management System (C.I.M.S.), 190

Convention for Exploration, Exploitation and Transportation of Hydrocarbons in Chad, 159–60

Cooney, Philip, 84–85

Cooper, Kathleen, 33–34

COREXIT, 12

Cornett, Don, 8–9, 632n

Corning, Inc., 315

Corporate Council on Africa, 147

Council on Foreign Relations, 547

Courville, Cindy, 294–95, 515

Cousins, Gregory, 4–5, 632n

Cowper, Steve, 6, 9–10, 11, 15

Croatia, 570

Cross Timbers Oil, see XTO Energy, Inc.

Cruden, Sandy, 451–52

Cummings, Bill, 398

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle, 429–30, 432, 433

Curtis, Steve, 601–2

Cutt, Tim, xiii, 408–10, 423–26

Dahan, Rene, 171, 209, 217

DaimlerChrysler, 85

Damon B. Bankston, 603

Daoud, Sofyan, 103

Darfur, 242, 356–57, 362, 363, 370, 519

Darmono, Bambang, 396

Dart, Kenneth, 262

Darwin, Charles, 134

Daschle, Tom, 446

Davidson, Steven K., xiii, 429–30, 433

Davies, Kert, 85, 181–84

Davis Polk & Wardwell, 59, 588

D. C. I. Group, 537

Déby, Idriss, xiv, 155–57, 160, 162–63, 166, 167–69, 172, 174–75, 351, 354, 355, 363–64, 497, 522

ExxonMobil’s tax dispute and, 367–68

money funneled to, 352–53, 358

mutiny feared by, 356, 357–58

Obama’s visit with, 368–70, 647n

Wolfowitz-World Bank crisis and, 360–66, 367

Yamamoto’s meeting with, 365–66

Déby Itno, Hinda, 364

“Decade of Dirty Tricks: ExxonMobil’s Attempts to Stop the World from Tackling Climate Change, A,” 182

Deepwater Horizon disaster, 600, 601–4, 611

capping of, 617

deaths in, 603

errors prior to, 612–13

explosion and fire in, 602–3

failure of risk management in, 604

oil industry’s safety culture and, 614–16

oil released in, 603

public anger and, 617

Tillerson’s characterization of, 613–14

see also offshore drilling

Defense Department, U.S., 173–74, 233, 280, 293, 516

Nigeria security issue and, 470–74

Defense Forces, Israeli, 516

Defense Intelligence Agency, 280

Defense Ministry, Chadian, 357

Defense Ministry, Chinese, 242

Dellinger, Walter, 406–7

Delozier, Mark, 6

Delta Working Group, 455–56

de Mahieu, Stephane, 522

Democratic Party, U.S., 302, 339, 501, 505, 506, 549, 550, 583, 650n

ExxonMobil contributions to, 340–41, 495–96

“Denial and Deception: A Chronicle of ExxonMobil’s Efforts to Corrupt the Debate on Global Warming,” 182–83

DePasquale, Ricci, 391

Desert Storm, Operation, 228

D’Esposito, Steve, 26

Det Norske Veritas, 607

Deutsche Bank, 324, 574

Devon Energy, 591

Dingell, John, xiv, 76, 340–41, 488–92, 506, 551

DINP (diisononyl phthalate), 482–84, 486, 487, 489–92, 493

di Tiro, Hasan, xv, 96–97, 116, 117, 118, 119, 394

D.N.O., 568–69, 570

Dobriansky, Paula, 91

Dodson, J. R., 288

Dodson Aviation, Inc., 288

Doe v. Unocal, 120

Dogs of War, The (Forsyth), 283

Dolan, Michael, 493

Dole, Elizabeth, 537

Domenici, Pete, 321–22

Doral Inc., 96

Dow Chemical, 539

downstream, as term, 49

Dubai, 562, 567

Duma, Russian, 264, 266, 271, 275

DuPont, 61, 317

Durão Barroso, José, 285

Durbin, Dick, 76

Dutch disease, 166

du Toit, Nick, 286, 289, 644n

Earth in the Balance (Gore), 535

East Timor, 104–5

Economic Club, 556

Ecuador, 578

Edmonds, James, 90

Edson, Gary, 90

EECO 3000 (leak detector system), 387, 389

EG Justice, 532

election of 2008, 497–500, 505–7, 531, 542, 550–51, 607, 650n

Electra oil field, 333

Elf Acquitaine, 61, 171–72

Enco, 36

Energy Department, U.S., 255, 274, 342–43, 437, 444, 543, 549, 560, 581

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, 546

Energy Information Administration, 200, 242, 650n

Energy Policy Act of 2005, 446

ENI, 425

Environmental Conservation Department, Alaska, 5, 10

Environmental Defense Fund, 552, 606

Environmental Protection Agency, 12, 15, 90, 91, 380–81

Environment Department, Maryland, 386

enzyme P450, 130

Equatorial Guinea, 18, 137–53, 192, 356, 360, 440, 453, 504, 608, 622, 644n

Al Qaeda and, 149

arms purchase of, 517–18

Bush (G. W.) administration and, 143, 145–46, 147–49, 296, 514–15, 518, 520, 531, 532

E.I.T.I. membership proposal and, 523–25

ExxonMobil operations in, 139, 140, 164, 512, 514, 520–24

Fang clan of, 526

G. W. Bush and, 294–96

human rights issue in, 142–43, 145, 146–48, 150–51, 152–53, 296–97, 511–13, 516, 521, 529, 531–33

Israel’s relations with, 516–17

Leahy murder in, 138–39

Macías regime of, 137–38

Mobil’s relations with, 139–40, 142

Nigerian raid on, 529–30

Obama administration and, 531–32

Obiang coup in, 140–41

Obiang-Powell meeting and, 294–95

Obiang-Rice meeting and, 518–20

oil deposits of, 141–42

Riggs Bank and, 144–45, 152–53, 290, 294, 295, 509

Smith’s posting to, 508–10

Spain and, 285, 290–91

State Department and, 145, 146–49, 151, 283, 295–97, 299, 510–13, 518–19

succession issue of, 525–28

2004 coup attempt in, 286–94, 514

U.S. embassy in, 146, 147, 149

U.S. military aid to, 147–48

U.S. security relations with, 514–16, 529

Whalen-Wales meeting and, 286–90

Zafiro oil field of, 521

Erdimi, Tom, 168

Erdos, Al, 138–39

Ernst & Young, 383

Essien, Nduese, 457, 466–67

Esso, 36, 223–24, 231

Esso Exploration & Production Chad, Inc., 157

Esso Inter-America, 46

ethanol, 498

as alternate energy, 445–48

congressional mandate for, 446–48

Ethiopia, 172

Etukakban, Samingo, 457

European Chemicals Bureau, 484

European Command, U.S., 174, 470, 471, 474, 515

European Union, 308, 479, 484, 486

Evans, Don, xiv, 90, 252, 254, 258, 271

Putin’s conversations with, 250–51, 268, 277–79

Eve (rap star), 527

Executive Outcomes, 284

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (E.I.T.I.), 504, 522–25, 526

Exxon Chemical Company, 213–14, 478–81, 486

see also chemical industry

Exxon Corporation, 1, 9

Aviation Services department of, 42–43, 44

corporate management culture of, 37–41

as corporate state, 19–21

and demise of Soviet Union, 18–19

employee ranking system of, 39, 41

energy policy and, 21–22

Exxon Valdez cleanup operations and, 14–16, 17

Global Security department of, 30, 42, 43

Exxon Corporation (cont.)

Irving campus of, 34–35

Mobil buyout and, 60–66

in move to Texas, 34–35

O.I.M.S. of, 32–33, 39, 41

as political actor, 19–21

premerger holdings of, 65

Rawl’s cost-cutting at, 6–7, 11, 49

Raymond Rule and, 30

recruitment by, 37, 39–40

religious tradition of, 36–37

Reso kidnapping and culture of, 25–29

resource nationalism and, 51–55

R.O.C.E. metric of, 49–50

Rockefeller style and, 36–37

safety management regime of, 30–33

share buybacks and, 62–64

Exxon Enterprises, 80

ExxonMobil:

accident safety policy of, 378–79

Aceh war and, 98–102, 106, 107–11, 112–14, 116–17, 118, 143, 398–99

biofuels investment of, 549

Biomedical Science division of, 480–81

BP’s rivalry with, 223–24

British operations of, 223–24

cash deposits of, 587–88

contracts policy of, 417–18

employee political donations and, 493–94

energy education campaign of, 303–5, 307, 309–10

first annual meeting of, 88–89

first-year earnings of, 66

forecasts practice of, 304–11, 442, 645n

formation evaluation group of, 158

geologists employed by, 157

geopolitical vulnerability of, 450

Global Security department of, 107–11, 207, 352, 353, 465, 466, 469, 475, 558

government access and, 68, 72

issues management program of, 214–15

John Doe lawsuit and, 400–404

key vote system of, 341

lobbying by, 71–77, 84, 87, 183, 246, 301–3, 339–43, 481, 496, 534–35, 542–43, 547, 548, 551

Management Committee of, 79, 161, 163, 190, 200, 207, 209, 214, 298, 306, 331, 334, 419, 421–22, 424, 439, 442, 450, 550, 586, 587

Moscow office of, 255

1988 profits of, 159

oil spill response plan of, 608, 609–10

oil supply disruptions and, 245–46

O.I.M.S. of, 94, 164

P.A.C. of, 340–41, 488, 494–96

public affairs department of, 213–15, 320, 331–32, 398–99

public reputation of, 217–20, 316–17, 331–32, 496–97, 549–50

record profits of, 496–97

recruitment by, 218

reserves accounting of, 189–92, 325–26

reserves replacement problem of, 199–200, 247, 249, 258, 332, 422, 564–65, 573, 596–98, 615, 617

resource nationalism and, 94

retail gas system of, 371–74, 380

risk management plan of, 614

R.O.C.E. metric of, 49–50, 595

Safety and Health division of, 178–79

safety policy of, 614–15

salaries at, 218

sanction issue and, 246

size and reach of, 66

succession question and, 209–12, 314–18

taxation issue and, 74–75

Tony the Tiger logo of, 216

2005 profits of, 318–19

2010 profits of, 595

2011 profits of, 625

and value of Mobil holdings, 194–95

Washington politics as categorized by, 75–76

women and, 218

see also Mobil Oil

Exxon Shipping Company, 5, 7

Exxon Valdez disaster, 1–18, 28–30, 47, 61, 225, 315, 385, 387, 610–11, 615

culpability in, 7, 15, 16–17

damage to wildlife in, 7–8

dispersants debate in, 9–10, 14, 16

Exxon-Coast Guard conflict in, 14–15

Exxon’s safety record after, 603–4

Freedom of Information Act requests and, 131, 133–34, 135–36

Hazelwood and, 1–6

oil leak in, 5–7

overlapping authorities and, 10–13

punitive damages in, 312–14

Raymond’s assessment of, 9–10, 11–13

scientific surveys of, 122–25, 128–33

settlement in, 124

ship aground in, 3–4

Eyiboh, Esseme, 466–67, 651n

Ezell, Randy, 601–2

Fahd, King of Saudi Arabia, 201

Faisal (student activist), 119, 120

F.A.R.F. (Armed Forces for a Federal Republic), 167

Fariello, Theresa, xiii, 342–43, 507, 548–50

Farmer, Mike, 107–10, 405

Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.), 26–27, 28

Feinstein, Dianne, 486

Feith, Douglas, xiv, 227, 231, 234, 241, 242, 243, 245

global vision on oil, 237–40, 246

Senate testimony of, 227–28

Field of Dreams (film), 525

Fifteenth World Petroleum Congress, 81

Finance Ministry, Iraqi, 564

financial crisis of 2008, 540, 541, 578

Finestone, Paul, 528

Finestone Insurance Agency, 528

Finkel, Louis, 343

Flannery, Brian, xiii, 79, 84, 183, 555

Flatt, Shawn, 424

Fleytas, Andrea, 602–3

Fluor Corporation, 235

Foley, Thomas, 232–33

Foltz, William, 171

Ford, Gerald, 237

Ford Motor Company, 85, 539

Foreign Agricultural Service, 154

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (F.C.P.A.), 109, 142, 298–99

Foreign Office, British, 459

Forsythe, Rosemarie, xiii, 160–62, 163, 255, 419, 442, 463

Fortune, 33, 316, 645n

F.P.S.O. (offshore production vessels), 469–70

fracking. See hydraulic fracturing

France, 19, 141, 155, 261, 297, 357, 455, 512, 513, 620

Franco, Francisco, 137, 285

Franklin, Rob, 574, 575

Franks, Tommy, 227–28

Frazer, Jendayi, 468, 469

Free Aceh Movement, see G.A.M.

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership, 437, 444

Freedom House, 344

Freedom of Information Act, 131, 133–34, 135–36, 183, 459

Freeman, Bennett, 223, 504–7, 538

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, 102

Freudenberg, William, 312–13

Friedberg, Aaron, 243–44

Friedman, Thomas, 240

Front Uni Pour le Changement (United Front for Change), 357, 363

Fryszman, Agnieszka, 405–7

Fuller, Lawrence, 60

Future 500, 537

Future of Iraq Project, 232

“Future Policy Issues Concerning the Ministry of Oil” (Carroll), 236

Gabon, 141, 150

Gaddafi, Muammar, 97, 159, 531

Galante, Edward G., xiii, 210, 211–12, 314, 315–17, 332, 338

Galbraith, John Kenneth, 570

Galbraith, Peter, 570

G.A.M. (Free Aceh Movement) (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka), 102–3, 105, 111, 112, 143, 394–95, 401

in Banda-Aceh meeting, 115–17, 118

extortion campaign of, 93, 97–98

ExxonMobil and, 98–102, 110–11, 113–14, 119, 398–99

Gelbard’s diplomacy and, 99–102, 114, 115–20

Gamble, Mel, 173, 292–93, 294, 296–97

Gandhi, Mohandas, 182

Ganesan, Arvind, 106, 221–22, 405

Garba, Salibou, 160, 174–75

García Márquez, Gabriel, 137, 601

Garka, Boukinebe, 356

Garvin, Clifton C., Jr., 7, 47, 62, 76, 203–4, 634n

Gary, Ian, 167

gasoline, 216–17, 497

chemical elements in, 381–82

growing consumption of, 379–80

historic high prices of, 419–20

Hurricane Katrina and, 319

oil dependency and, 618–19

retail, 371–74

taxing, 345

U.S. consumption of, 650n

Gas Research Institute, 584, 585

Gas Technology Institute, 585

Gazprom, 53, 278

Geithner, Timothy, 169

Gelbard, Robert, xiv, 101–2, 113, 119

Aceh diplomacy of, 99–102, 114, 115–20

General Electric, 40, 74, 180, 318, 624–25

General Motors, 19, 40, 85, 318

General Services Administration, 288

Geological Operations, 158

Germany, 19, 253, 278, 587

Ghadhban, Thamir, xv, 233–36

Ghana, 472

Gheit, Fadel, 57

Gibson, Charles, 502

Gilbarco Veeder-Root, 374

Gillan, Joseph A., 73

Gilman, Howard, 551–52

Gilman, Mark, 191, 324, 325, 326, 591–92

Global Climate and Energy Project, 180–81

Global Climate Coalition, 85

Global Systems Model, 337

global warming, 77, 79, 81–83, 90, 91, 134, 180, 224, 226, 324, 345, 347–48, 440, 446, 498, 535, 596, 610, 619, 620, 621

G. W. Bush on, 89, 90

see also climate change

Global Witness, 169

Gold, Russell, 587

Goldman Sachs, 554

Goldthwait, Christopher, xiv, 154–55, 157, 169, 170–71, 175, 359–60, 638n

Goldwyn, David, 531

Golubev, Yuri, 269

Goodwin, Rockefeller, 40

GoodWorks International, 370

Google, 20, 551

Gorbachev, Mikhail, 13, 252, 255, 260

Gordon, Bart, 343

Gordon, Douglas, 241–42

Gore, Al, 68, 89, 181, 337–38, 339, 535–36, 635n

Gorton, Slade, 15

Grameen Bank, 554

Grasso, Richard, 272

Gravity Magnetics Group, 158

Great Britain, 51, 58, 61, 85, 197, 200, 220, 231, 244, 261, 282, 286, 293, 455, 619

ExxonMobil operations in, 224

Great Depression, 540

Greco, John, 390

greenhouse effect, 88, 91, 301, 310, 500, 580, 585, 596

cap-and-trade debate and, 539, 547

ExxonMobil’s opposition to regulation of, 180–81, 336, 347–48, 479

natural process of, 77–78

Obama’s energy policy and, 543–44, 545–46, 547

Raymond’s Beijing speech on, 81–84

Rio Summit and, 80–81

see also climate change; global warming

Greenpeace, 26, 34, 85, 181, 336, 536

ExxonMobil as targeted by, 182–88

ExxonMobil protest raid of, 186–88

internal culture of, 182

oil companies targeted by, 181–82

Greenspan, Alan, 200–201, 581, 586

Gref, German, 254, 277

Grumet, Jason, 498

GSAAuctions.gov, 288

Guatemala, 519

Gulf War of 1991, 228, 229, 511

Guyer, Jane, 165

Guzinsky, Vladimir, 271

Habré, Hissène, 155, 158–59

Hadley, Stephen, 239, 241, 252

Hagel, Chuck, 301–2

Hagen, Pete, 133

Haggar, Ali Abdel-Rhamane, 171

Haifa pipeline, 233–35

Haines, Robert, 72, 108, 113, 220, 342, 403, 563

Halliburton, 52, 67–68, 70, 145, 162, 235, 244, 373–74, 461–62, 567, 573, 602, 613

Halperin, Mark, 487

Hand, Henry, 145–46

Hansen, James, 78, 80, 90

Harper, Stephen, 545

Harris, John F., 487

Harrison, Otto, xiii, 14–15

Hart Research Associates, 554

Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, 481

Hassett, Kevin, 536

Hawrami, Ashti, 567

Hayward, Tony, 612

Hazelwood, Joseph, Jr., xv, 4–6, 634n

Health and Human Services Department, U.S., 381

Heartland Institute, 86, 340, 345

Heimbold, Charles, 91

Heintz, Ron, 128

Henry, Jamie Lee, 334

Henry, Simon, 590

Henry Dunant Centre, 115

Heritage Foundation, 184, 232, 565

Heritage Mobil stations, 372

Hess Corporation, 514–15, 520, 529, 571

see also Amerada Hess

Hewlett-Packard, 80

Hickel, Walter, 605

Hill, Christopher, 558

Hinchey, Maurice, 500

Hissène, Mahamat, 358, 367, 370

History of the Standard Oil Company, The (Tarbell), 35

Hitchcock, Liz, 487, 491

Hochstein, Amos, 292, 295, 297

Houghton, James R., 315

House of Representatives, Nigerian, 466

House of Representatives, U.S., 73, 342, 343, 496, 617, 650n

Energy and Commerce Committee of, 488, 489–90, 494, 551

Science and Technology Committee of, 343

toy safety bill in, 486

Waxman-Markey bill in, 552

Hoyt, Max, 488

Hubbard, Allan, 303–4

Hubble, Henry, 493–94

human rights, 170, 504, 510

Aceh war and, 101–5, 107, 110–11, 114, 118, 120, 396–98, 400

Equatorial Guinea and, 142–43, 145, 146–48, 150–51, 152–53, 296–97, 511–13, 516, 521, 529, 531–33

ExxonMobil and, 220–23, 404–5, 521

Human Rights Watch, 106, 152, 220–21, 222, 405, 531–32

Humble Oil and Refining, 3, 36, 61, 77, 608

Humphreys, Donald, 493

Hungary, 17, 587

Hunt, Hunter L., 569

Hunt, Ray L., 569–70

Hunt Oil, 568–71, 622

Hurricane Katrina, 319

Hurricane Rita, 319

Hurtt, Adrienne, 45

Hushka, Leslie, 481

Hussein, Saddam, 59, 227, 228, 230, 232, 360, 440, 558, 561, 564, 574

Hutchison, Kay Bailey, 335

Hutto, F. Chase,, III, 304–5

Hutton, Keith, 589

hydraulic fracturing, 580–81

hydrocarbons, classes of, 127

hydrogen, 437, 444–45

I.B.M., 19, 318

Ibrahim, Khalil, 357

Ijaw Patriotic Front, 456

Immelt, Jeffrey, 180

Immigration and Customs Enforcement, U.S., 526

Imperial Oil, 544

Inconvenient Truth, An (film), 337

India, 224, 257, 303, 310, 324, 415, 420, 422, 440, 457, 512, 559, 618, 620

Indonesia, 20, 59, 62, 93–94, 95, 99–100, 102, 104, 107, 112–13, 114–15, 116, 197, 232, 351, 352, 364, 415, 419, 636n

John Doe lawsuit and, 120, 399–406, 621

2004 tsunami in, 402–7

see also Aceh war

Indonesian National Army, see T.N.I.

Industry and Trade Ministry, Indonesian, 114

Ingersol, Scott, 562

Inhofe, James, 87, 185

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (I.P.C.C.), 79, 81, 88, 347, 635n

Interior Department, U.S., 605–8, 609, 610

Interior Ministry, Saudi, 207

Internal Revenue Service, 188

International Committee of the Red Cross, 111

International Labor Rights Forum, 119

International Monetary Fund (I.M.F.), 259, 358

International Peace Operations Association, 281

International Space Station, 252

Internet, 441–42

I.P.T., 374

Iran, 2, 52, 54, 161, 196, 197, 203, 205, 222, 245, 246, 247, 249, 415, 419, 421, 436, 440, 511–12, 519, 520, 567, 618

Iranian Revolution of 1979, 29, 52, 95, 239, 242

Iraq, 52, 54, 197, 203, 205, 222, 228, 281, 293, 360, 419, 436, 440, 641n

Kurdish oil industry in, 567–69, 622–23

oil reserves of, 230, 248, 249, 558

Rumaila oil field of, 571

Sunni-Shia rift in, 559, 622

West Qurnah oil field of, 572, 574, 575, 622

Zubair oil field of, 575

Iraq National Oil Company, 231

Iraq Petroleum Company, 231

Iraq War, 227–30, 243, 303, 324, 435, 499

Bush (G. W.) administration and, 228, 231, 236–37, 247–48

ExxonMobil operations in, 561–65, 573–75

Haifa pipeline debate in, 233–35

Hunt-Kurdish oil deal in, 569–71

insurgency in, 236

Iraqi nationalism in, 563

Iraqi oil industry in, 232–37, 248, 559, 562–63, 564–68

oil concessions auction in, 557–60, 571–73

postwar planning in, 232–37

“stealing” Iraqi oil question in, 227–33

Iraq War (cont.)

U.S. invasion in, 226, 228

U.S. war aims in, 228–29

Israel, 3, 18, 29, 237, 296, 440, 525, 530

Equatorial Guinea’s relations with, 516–17

Haifa pipeline and, 233–34

Italy, 197–98

Jackson, Lorie, 341, 549, 554

Jacksonville Exxon, 371–79, 377, 488

lawsuits and, 384–93, 620–21

oil leak from, 374–79, 377, 384, 390–91

Jacobs, Emil, 447–48

Jaffe, Amy Myers, 325, 326

Janka, David, 123, 130

Japan, 95, 197, 255, 439, 449, 547

Jefferies Group, Inc., 578

Jeffers, Alan, 494

Jendrzejczyk, Mike, 220–21

Jobs, Steve, 577

John Doe I et al. v. ExxonMobil Corporation et al., 120, 399–406, 621

Johnson, Donald C., 509

Johnson, Lance, 109

Johnston, J. Bennett, 73

Joint Special Operations Command (JSOP), 173, 174

Joint Task Force, Nigerian, 456

Jordan, 66, 233–34, 558, 562, 567

J.P. Morgan, 49, 335, 588

Justice Department, U.S., 142, 298, 401, 622

Kagan, Robert, 5

Kaharuddin (rebel), 395

Kamarck, Elaine, 537

Kansteiner, Walter, 174, 622

Kareri, Simon, 152–53, 287

Karl, Terry Lynn, 166

Kasim, Ifdhal, 103

Katrina, Hurricane, 319

Kauffmann, Howard, 37

Kazakhstan, 18, 58, 59, 62, 70, 168, 222, 252

Kearl project, 548, 598

Keller, Laura, 481

Kellogg Brown & Root, 461

Kellogg’s company, 216

Kelly, John, 523

Kelso, Dennis, 10, 12

Kemnetz, Frank, 322

Kennedy, John F., 77

Kenya, 66, 172, 173, 369, 531

Kerr, Lauren, 338

Kerry, John, 343, 507, 550

Kheshgi, Haroon, 79

Khodorkovsky, Mikhail, xv, 259–60, 622

arrest of, 274–75, 276, 418

Browne’s meeting with, 264–65

Dart and, 262

political ambition of, 264, 265–66

Putin’s conflict with, 261, 263–65

Raymond’s meetings with, 268–70

U.S.-Russia oil relationship and, 266–67

Yukos negotiations and, 260–65, 268–69, 270–71

Kingston, David, 343, 346

Kittywake II, 122

Kohl, Herb, 340

Koonce, Terry, 255–56

Korea, Republic of (South Korea), 197, 198

Kosovo conflict, 280

Kreindler, Tony, 552–53

Kruger, Richard, 493

Kunkel, James, 5

Kurdish Regional Government, 567–70

Kuwait, 59, 144, 195, 222, 228, 291, 326, 510, 511, 564, 566, 574, 575

Kuwait Petroleum, 53

Kwiatkowski, Karen, 173–74

Kyoto Protocol, 81–84, 85–86, 89, 183, 187, 226, 301, 479, 535

Labor Party, British, 106

Laidlaw, Sam, 566

Lambert, Richard, 63

Lansdale, Edward, 96

Larson, Alan, 146, 147, 148–49

LaSala, Stephen, 493

Latham & Watkins, 431

Lautenberg, Frank, 320

Lavrov, Sergey, 277

Lazard (bank), 428, 431, 433

Leahy, Don, 138–39

Lebedev, Platon, 271

Le Billon, Philippe, 166–67

Le Floch-Prigent, Loik, 171

Lehman Brothers, 540, 588

Leiter, David, 343, 507, 550, 551

Levin, Carl, 299

LeVine, Steve, 192, 634n

Lewis, William “Buford,” 73, 75, 342, 445

Library of Congress, 266

Libya, 52, 97, 155, 159, 162, 166, 172, 197, 222, 246, 531

Life, 77

Lincoln, Abraham, 541–42

Lincoln, Blanche, 551

Lindeberg, Mandy, xv, 122–25, 131–32, 136

Logo Logistics, 288

Loiero, Andrea, xv, 372, 375–76, 378, 379, 390

Longwell, Harry, 99, 172, 209, 217

Lowe, Leslie, 345–46

Lujan, Manuel, Jr., 15

Lukoil, 266, 271

Lund, Ray, 144–45

Lutz, Peter, 609

Luzzatto, Tamera, 550

Lyons, Virginia, 485

McCain, John, 497–99, 503–4, 505, 607

McCall, Steve, 5

McChrystal, Stanley, 173, 174

McDonald, David, 570

McElroy, Michael B., 446

Mach, Joe, 262

Macías Nguema, Francisco, 137–38, 140, 141

McKee, Rob, 565–67

McKinsey & Company, 263

McMurray Formation, 544

Madec, Andre, 151, 363

Maduekwe, Ojo, 474

Mahmud, Malik, 117, 118

Makovsky, Michael, 233–34

Malaysia, 97, 103, 172

Maliki, Nouri Al-, 558, 574

Manchin, Joe, 552

Mandelson, Peter, 611

Mann, Simon, xiv, 284–86, 288–89, 524–25, 527, 644n

Marathon Oil, 140, 142, 146, 147, 149, 150, 151, 262, 283, 291, 297, 299, 514, 515, 520, 529

Marbun, B. N., 104

Marcellus Shale, 577

Martyrs Brigade, 456

Massey, J. R., 428, 430–31

Maya, Ruben, 516

Mearsheimer, John, 244–45, 246

Menatep, 260–62

M.E.N.D. (Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta), 456–57, 463–67, 468, 470–71, 473–74, 476, 529

methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), 381–82, 384–86, 445, 488–89

Metropolitan Club, 613–14

Mexico, 440, 453

Military Professional Resources International (M.P.R.I.), 147–48, 283, 291, 295, 296, 514, 525

Milov, Vladimir, 261, 275

Minerals Management Service (M.M.S.), 606, 608–9

Minyard, Robert, 431

Misamore, Bruce, xv, 262–64, 265, 267, 271, 273–74

Mitchell, George P., 584

Mitchell, Jeanne O., 73, 75, 342, 494

Mitchell Energy, 584

Moats, Simeon, 72, 162, 521–22

Mobil Exploration Nigeria, Inc., 465

Mobil Oil, 36, 40, 161, 203, 325, 413–14, 416

Aceh war and, 93–98, 102–3, 105, 106, 107, 143

Equatorial Guinea oil deals of, 139–40, 142

Exxon’s buyout of, 60–66

liquid natural gas business and, 197–98

Nigeria operations of, 465–67

premerger holdings of, 65

proposed BP merger with, 58–59

see also ExxonMobil

Mobil Oil Indonesia, 99

Mobil Police, 465–66

Monks, Robert, 40–41

Moore’s Law, 441

Morel, Brian, 600

Morgan, Robert, 565

Morse, Edward L., 60

Mossad, 516–17

Moto, Severo, 282, 285, 286, 289

Mouawad, Jad, 501

Mugabe, Robert, 361

Mulva, James J., 50

Murphy, Kevin, 405

Naimi, Ali Al-, xv, 203, 208–9

National Academy of Sciences, 78, 79, 84, 444

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (N.A.S.A.), 78, 80

National Economics Council, 239, 303

National Energy Program, 238

National Environmental Trust, 85

National Human Rights Commission, Indonesian, 103, 104

National Intelligence Council, 162, 174

National Marine Fisheries Service, 123

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (N.O.A.A.), 122–25, 129–32, 321

National Petroleum Council, 200

National Research Council, 78

National Security Council, 72, 113, 146, 147, 160, 231, 237–39, 267, 295, 303, 305, 438, 511, 515, 543

National Security Presidential Directive 50, 468

National Transportation Safety Board, 7

natural gas, 161, 443

advantages of, 196–97

“associated,” 207

domestic boom in, 577–78, 583, 590

ExxonMobil’s shift to, 195–96, 582–83, 586–87, 589–90

flaring practice and, 580

hydraulic fracturing technique for, 580, 584

liquefied, 197, 580–81, 586

Mobil and, 197–98

Nigeria’s reserves of, 453

predicted shortfall of, 582, 585–86

Qatar’s deposits of, 195–96

Russian reserves of, 251, 252–53

technological innovation and, 583–84, 585

unconventional (shale), 577, 580, 581, 582, 583–87, 590

U.S. market and, 200–201

U.S. reserves of, 581, 583, 585

see also alternate energy

Natural Resources Defense Council, 484, 539, 552, 606

Nature Conservancy, 606

Nauman, Scott, 304

Navy, U.S., 243–45, 247, 468, 514, 516

Nelson, Dan, 301–4, 323, 338, 340–42, 343, 438, 443–44, 445, 488–89, 506, 507, 538, 548

Nelson, George, 8

Nelson, Ralph Daniel, xiii, 205–6, 207

neoconservatives, 147, 302

Netherlands, 94, 166, 253, 455

New Field Development, 158

Newman, Connie, 469

New York Stock Exchange, 272

New York Times, 95, 344, 501

Nickles, Don, 73

Niger Delta Development Commission, 454–55

Nigeria, 59, 95, 106, 111, 139, 141, 149, 150, 155, 159, 222, 282, 293, 303, 342, 419, 440, 450, 451–77, 496–97, 504, 516, 528, 580, 608, 614, 622

barge kidnapping incident in, 457–59

bunkering racket in, 463

Bush (G. W.) administration and, 468–69

corruption and violence in, 453–55, 461, 463–64, 476–77, 528–29

Eket kidnapping in, 452–54, 459–61, 464, 529

ExxonMobil operations in, 452–55, 464–65, 467, 596

insurgency groups in, 455–58, 463

Mobil operations in, 465–67

natural gas reserves of, 453

navy of, 471–72, 473, 475, 476

piracy and kidnapping in, 469–70, 473, 475–77

resource curse and, 461

U.S. and oil security in, 469–75

Nigerian Ijaw Martyrs, 456

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (N.N.P.C.), 453–54

Nixon, Richard, 90, 437, 605

Norland, Donald, 168

North American Free Trade Agreement, 546

Northup, Anne, 496

Norway, 66, 523

Noto, Lou, 58–59, 60, 61, 64–66, 95–96, 104, 198, 202–3

Nouri, Mahamat, 357

Nowak, Manfred, 512

Nudelman, Janet, 491

Nugua, Francisco, 515

Obama, Barack, xiv, 497, 505–6, 507, 508, 513, 538, 548, 549, 550–51, 607, 622, 623

on cap-and-trade, 540–41

Chad visit of, 368–70

Déby’s meeting with, 368–70, 647n

energy and climate policy of, 497–500, 503, 505, 540–41, 542, 543–44, 545–48

offshore drilling issue and, 607–8

stimulus bill of, 540

2008 election and, 497–500, 531

Obama administration, 513, 531–32, 535, 548, 551, 574, 622–23

Obasanjo, Olusegun, 454, 464

Oberdorfer, Louis F., xiv, 400–401, 402–3, 406–7

Obiang, Gabriel, 287–88, 525–26

Obiang, Teodorin, 525, 526–28, 622

Obiang, Teodoro Nguema, xiv, 140–41, 150–51, 164, 297, 298, 299, 356, 509, 510, 512–13, 528, 529–30, 622

arms purchases and, 517–18

attempted coup and, 282–84, 286–87, 289, 291

Gamble’s meeting with, 296–97

Israel relations and, 516–17

Powell’s meeting with, 294–95

Rice’s meeting with, 518–20

Riggs Bank and, 144, 152–53, 287–88

succession question and, 525–26

U.S. relations and, 141–49, 151, 152, 283, 291, 294

Occidental Petroleum, 342, 548–49

Oceaneering International, 451

offshore drilling, 542–43

accident response plans and, 616

blowout preventer and, 607

deaths and injuries and, 607

ExxonMobil and, 608–9

federal regulation of, 606–7

in Gulf of Mexico, 604–5, 611

leasing and, 607

Obama and, 607–8

Oil Spill Response Plan and, 608–9

politics and, 605–6

Santa Barbara blowout and, 605

2008 election and, 607

see also Deepwater Horizon disaster

oil:

biomass origin of, 126–27

poisonous effects of, 126, 128–31

Oil and Energy Working Group, 232

Oil & Gas Journal, 251, 544

Oil Drum, The, 593

oil embargoes, 3, 29, 52, 80, 95, 237, 544

oil industry, 4, 17, 18, 191, 192

climate change debate and, 84–89, 310–11

climate policy and, 540–41

oil security and, 237–40

peak oil and, 420–21, 617

reserve replacement problem in, 54–57, 188–93

resource nationalism and, 51–55

retail gas stations and, 316–17

R.O.C.E. performance measures in, 49–50

Royal Dutch Shell scandal and, 188–89

Senate hearings on, 320–22

state-owned companies and, 53–54

2000 election and, 68–69

see also alternate energy

Oil Ministry, Iraqi, 233, 559, 563–64, 571–72, 574

Oil Spill Response Plan, 608–9

Okah, Henry, 463

Old Field Development, 158

Olo, Juan, 142, 638n

O’Melveny & Myers, 131

One Hundred Years of Solitude (García Márquez), 601

O’Neill, Paul, 89, 91, 254–55

Open Russia Foundation, 266

Open Society program, 523

Operations Integrity Management System (O.I.M.S.), 32–33, 39, 41, 94, 164, 189–90, 223, 398, 405

Opinion Leader Dialogue, 343

O’Reilly, David J., 270, 320, 370

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 569

Organization of African Unity, 150

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (O.P.E.C.), 52, 59, 204, 222, 233, 238

O.S.D.-Policy, 280

O’Sullivan, Meghan, 568, 570–71

Owei, Comrade, 456

Oxfam, 167, 169

Ozone Action, 181

Pacala, Stephen, 311

PACER (computer system), 381

Pacific Gas & Electric, 625

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 90

Page, David S., 132–35

Panic Room (film), 475

Panjaitan, Luhut, 114–15

Papua New Guinea, 461

Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States, The (Karl), 166

Patrinos, Aristides, 90–91

Paul, Ron, 508

P.D.V.S.A. (Petróleos de Venezuela), 412–13, 415, 422, 423, 426–27, 428, 429, 430–31, 433

Pelosi, Nancy, 342, 549

Perez, Joe, 423

Peterson, Justin, 537

Petrobras, 53

PetroChina, 595

Petrofina, 61

Petroleum Intelligence Weekly, 319

PETRONAS, 159, 172, 368, 369–70

Philippines, 457

Phillips, Jeanne, 569

phthalates, 481–87, 489–91

pink salmon, 127–29

Pinochet, Augusto, 287

Pizzurro, Joseph, xv, 432–33

Plunkett, Hobert E., 425–26

Podesta, John, 539

politburo, Chinese, 243

Polkey, Steven, 378–79

Powell, Colin, xiv, 89, 90, 112, 146, 147, 240, 277, 401, 514, 520

Obiang’s meeting with, 294–95

precautionary principle, 480, 484–85

President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 569

PricewaterhouseCoopers, 263

Prince William Sound, 3, 7

commercial fisheries in, 127–29

scientific surveys of, 122–25, 128–33

see also Exxon Valdez disaster

production sharing agreements (P.S.A.), 256, 257, 259

Pryor, Stephen, 493

P. T. Pertamina, 102

Public Interest Research Group, 484, 487

Public Interest Watch, 188

Putin, Vladimir, xv, 249, 254, 257, 258–59, 260–61, 275, 276, 418

Evans’s conversations with, 250–51, 268, 277–79

G. W. Bush and, 250–51, 252

Khodorkovsky’s conflict with, 261, 263–65

New York visit of, 271–72

proposed U.S.-Russia oil partnership and, 267–68

Raymond’s meetings with, 272–74

siloviki (security men) of, 270–71

Tillerson’s meeting with, 621–22

Qatar, 18, 62, 202, 206, 222, 276, 498, 542, 564, 580, 581, 617

Al-Thanis family of, 195

ExxonMobil and, 198–99

Mobil’s natural gas partnership with, 198

natural gas of, 195, 197–200

North field of, 194–99

Qatar Petroleum, 198

Rahman, Nordin Abdul, 116

Rainbow Warrior, 26

Rainforest Action Network, 536

Ramos, Maria, 186–87

Randall, Jack, 577–79, 581–82, 583

Randol, Arthur G., III “Randy,” 84, 91, 183

Rawl, Lawrence G., 6–7, 9, 11, 14–15, 26, 27, 47, 49, 62, 209, 611

Raymond, Charlene, 9, 43–44, 45, 68, 314, 326–27

Raymond, Lee R., xiii, 12, 16, 18, 19, 21, 35, 37, 73, 93, 96, 104, 106, 107, 120, 143, 158, 161, 162, 171, 172, 180–81, 191, 192–93, 194–95, 220, 223, 224, 226, 251, 254, 255, 275, 278, 301, 340, 341, 354, 417, 418, 437, 442, 446, 464, 488, 504, 523, 562, 575, 580, 581, 583, 591, 594, 596, 598, 599, 609, 611, 622, 624

Beijing address of, 81–83

Chad policy and, 163, 165–66

Cheney’s friendship with, 67–70, 71, 239–40, 247–48, 276

C.I.M.S. created by, 190

climate change skepticism of, 77, 79–83, 84, 88–89, 181, 182, 183, 184–85, 187, 217, 309, 311, 337–38, 506, 535, 583

educating Washington campaign and, 303–5

Exxon career of, 46, 48–49

Exxon Valdez incident and, 9–13, 14, 15–16, 33

forecasts practice and, 306–7, 309

Greenspan’s friendship with, 200–201

on Iraqi oil, 246–47, 248

Khodorkovsky’s meetings with, 268–70

leadership of, 50–51

lifestyle of, 42–46

lobbying policy of, 74–77

management philosophy of, 29–30, 32, 38, 40–41

mental qualities of, 47–48

Mobil merger and, 134, 139, 587, 594–95

Naimi’s meeting with, 208–9

nicknames of, 45, 47

physical appearance of, 46–47

postmerger restructuring and, 216–17

professional reputation of, 44–45

Putin’s meetings with, 272–74

Qatar natural gas deal and, 198–99

Reso kidnapping incident and, 26–27

retirement of, 324, 326–27, 344, 489

Saudi natural gas initiative and, 202, 203–9

Senate testimony of, 320–22

Sprow’s assessment of, 178–79

succession question and, 209–12, 314–18

Voluntary Principles regime and, 404–5

working style of, 45–46

Reagan, Ronald, 68, 238, 605

Reagan administration, 159, 182, 237, 548

Reid, Harry, 549

Reilly, William K., 15

Renewable Fuels Association, 446

Republican National Committee, 91

Republican Party, U.S., 302, 340, 504

ExxonMobil contributions to, 495–96

Reso, Patricia, 25, 27

Reso, Sidney J., 25–29, 30, 32

resource curse thesis, 166–67, 240, 360, 440, 461

resource nationalism, 51, 52–57, 70, 139, 199, 410, 417, 547, 558, 615

Exxon-Mobil merger and, 60–66

Royal Dutch Shell scandal and, 188–89

share buybacks and, 63–64

Response Group, The, 608–9

return on capital employed (R.O.C.E.), 49–50, 595–96

Reuters, 591

Rice, Condoleezza, 146, 240, 252, 365–66

Obiang’s meeting with, 518–20

Rice, Jeep, 131, 133

Riggs Bank, 144–45, 152–53, 286–87, 290, 294, 295, 298, 509, 638n

Rio Earth Summit of 1992, 80–81

Rockefeller, John D., 19, 35–36, 51, 318, 624

Rodriguez, Carlos, 424–25

Roosevelt, Franklin D., 540

Rosneft, 256–57, 262, 278

ExxonMobil’s deal with, 621

Rouse, James, xiii, 69, 72–73, 301–2

Rove, Karl, 406, 487–88

Roy, J. Stapleton, 104

Royal, Ron, xiii, 358–62, 364, 366, 368, 522

Royal Dutch Shell, 36–37, 40, 51, 54, 62, 85, 111, 223, 320, 322–23, 326, 340, 418, 467, 539, 541, 550, 568, 575, 590, 591, 595, 597, 608

accounting scandal of, 188–89

floating drill invented by, 604–5

liquid natural gas industry and, 198, 578, 581

Nigeria operations of, 454–55, 457, 463, 465

Raymond on, 223

Voluntary Principles signed by, 106

Rumsfeld, Donald, 228, 231, 235, 239, 471

Russia, 18, 161, 196, 203, 249, 419, 421, 452, 558, 559, 617, 618, 621–22, 642n

G. W. Bush’s visit to, 258

natural gas reserves of, 249, 251, 252–53

oil and gas economy of, 251

Sakhalin project of, 255–59

U.S. oil relationship with, 252–54, 258–59, 266–68, 418

Rwanda, 280, 360

Sahel region, 172

Sakhalin Island project, 255–59, 276–77

Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, 174

Salazar, Ken, 607, 623

Salter, Gretchen Lee, 485

Samuelson, Victor, 26

Sanders, James F., xiii, 388–90, 392–93

Sandline International, 284

Sankey, Paul, 324

Saro-Wiwa, Ken, 462

Saud Al-Faisal, Prince of Saudi Arabia, xv, 203–6, 207–8, 209

Saudi Arabia, 44, 52, 59–60, 70, 167, 169, 193, 195, 197, 209, 222, 237, 238, 276, 286, 291, 413, 419, 420, 425, 436, 439, 453, 510, 543, 544, 558, 566, 573, 580, 618, 641n

Abdullah’s natural gas initiative and, 201–4, 207, 208

Al Qaeda and, 205

natural gas reserves of, 202–3, 249

9/11 and, 204–5, 230

Sunni-Shia divide in, 205

terrorist attacks in, 206–7

Saudi Aramco, 53–54, 201–3, 207–8, 231

Sawyer, Diane, 554–55

Schanberger, David, 374

Scherer, Bill, 406

Schlumberger, 52, 180, 262, 373–74, 567, 573

Schroeder, Gerhard, 278

Schumer, Charles, 76, 340

Schwartz, Nelson D., 316

Schwarzenegger, Arnold, 486

Science, 185, 311

Scowcroft, Brent, 247

Seale, Arthur, 27–28

Seale, Jackie Szarko, 27–28

sea otters, 130–31

Sechin, Igor, 270, 278

Securities Act of 1933, 189

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 51, 54, 198, 326, 564, 574, 597

Royal Dutch Shell scandal and, 188–89

Rule 4–10 of, 55, 57, 189

tar sands rule of, 55–56, 189, 191, 192

year-end pricing rule of, 191

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 189

Seider, Mitchell, 649n–50n

Senate, U.S., 80–81, 142, 185, 496, 550, 552, 554, 555

Banking Committee of, 509

ethanol issue in, 446

Senate, U.S. (cont.)

ExxonMobil-Equatorial Guinea relationship hearings in, 298–300

ExxonMobil’s lobbyist for, 73, 342, 445

Feith’s testimony to, 227–28

Foreign Relations Committee of, 227–28

oil industry hearings in, 320–22

Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of, 298–99

phthalates bill in, 489

toys bill in, 492

see also Congress, U.S.

Senegal, 155

September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks of, 149, 172, 173, 174, 204, 230, 240, 246, 252, 400, 436, 438, 470, 543

Sessions, William, 26, 27

Shafiq, Tariq, 230, 237

Shahristani, Hussain Al-, xv, 560–61, 563–64, 568, 571

Shapiro, Charles, 411

Shelby, Richard, 508–9

Shell, see Royal Dutch Shell

Shihab, Alwi, 111–12

Short, Jeffrey, xv, 125–34, 135–36

Shurtleff, Len, 138–39

Sibneft, 261

Sieminski, Adam, 324

Sierra Club, 606

Sierra Leone, 284–85

Sikkel, Mark, 343

siloviki (security men), 270–71, 275

Silvertip pipeline, 620

Simmons, Matthew, 420

Simon, David, 223

Simon, Stephen, 493

Simpson, Bob, 576–79, 581–83, 588, 589

Sims, David, 600

Singapore, 100, 108, 217, 439, 522, 525

Singh, Manmohan, 257

Sinopec, 425

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, 588

Skinner, Samuel, 13–15

Smith, Anton, xiv, 508–10, 512–14, 515, 521, 525, 531–32

Smith, Jordan, 460

Smith, Paul, 451–52, 459–61

Smith, Paula, 460–61

Snodgrass, Michael, 474–75

Snow, John, 278

Snyder, Julie, 383

Snyder, Stephen, xvi, 382–93, 621

Society of Petroleum Evaluation Engineers, 590

Sociological Forum, 312

Socolow, Robert, 311

Solidarity, 183

Somalia, 172, 280, 360, 369, 473

Sonangol, 53

Soros, George, 523

Soubiane, Ahmat Hassaballah, 168

Soublin, Michel, 262

Souter, David, 314

South Africa, 150, 173, 282, 286, 288–89, 293

Soviet Union, 17, 51, 58, 237, 255

demise of, 17, 18, 160–61, 252, 253

Spain, 137, 140, 141–42, 150, 513, 530

Equatorial Guinea coup and, 282, 285, 290–91

Sparrows Offshore, 452, 458

Spears, Jim, 521

Spellings, Jamie, 343

Spirit of Glacier Bay, 122

Sprow, Frank, xiii, 83, 177–80, 343, 379

Standard & Poor, 625

Standard Oil, 19, 21, 41, 54, 59, 70, 193, 217, 231, 339, 393, 465, 496, 500, 624

breakup of, 35–36

of California, 36

of Indiana, 60

of New Jersey, 36, 61

of New York, 36

of Ohio, 35

Stanford University, 180, 337, 444, 447, 449

Stanley, Albert “Jack,” 461–62

Staples, George, 149–51, 644n

State Department, U.S., 72, 105, 111, 112, 113, 143, 232, 233, 323, 362, 401, 459, 460, 504, 509, 549, 561, 563, 565, 568, 569–70, 622

Chad and, 154, 354

Diplomatic Security Bureau of, 460

Equatorial Guinea and, 144, 145, 146–49, 151, 283, 295–97, 299, 510–13, 518–19

John Doe lawsuit and, 402–3

Nigeria policy and, 470

State Security Services, Nigerian, 456, 460–61, 466

Statoil, 255, 414, 415, 425

Steptoe & Johnson, 429–30, 432

Stern, Nicholas, 619

Stevens, Ted, 320

Stewart, David P., 401

Stinson, Mike, 565–66

Storto family, 372–75

Stuewer, Sherri, xiv, 343, 345, 493, 551–53

Stupak, Bart, 616

Sudan, 155, 172, 242, 351, 356–57, 360, 363, 364–65, 369, 519

Darfur region of, 242, 356–57, 362, 363, 370, 519

Suez Crisis, 2

Suharto, Mohammed, 102, 103, 118

Sukarnoputri, Megawati, 118, 396

Sumatra, 94, 102, 402

Summers, Lawrence, 168–69

Sununu, John, 13, 14–15

Supreme Court, U.S., 35

Citizens United decision of, 624

Exxon Valdez decision of, 314, 385

John Doe lawsuit and, 406–7

Supreme Petroleum Council, 322

Sustaining Development in Mineral Economies: The Resource Curse Thesis (Auty), 166

Sweden, 117, 118, 119

Swiger, Andrew, 298–300, 493

Syafie, Abdul, 118

Syncrude, 544–45, 548

Syria, 234, 246, 415

Szydlowski, Norm, 566

Taft, William H.,, IV, 401–2

Taiwan, 243, 244

Taliban, 470–71

Tamlyn, Lucy, 364, 366

Tang, Ignacio Milam, 524

Tarbell, Ida, 35

tar sands, 55–56, 189, 421, 544–48

Tenet, George, 173

Tenneco Energy, 262

terrorism, 172–74, 205, 293, 401

terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, 149, 172, 173, 174, 204, 230, 240, 246, 252, 400, 436, 438, 470, 543

Texaco, 61

Thailand, 244, 439

Thani, Hamid Bin Khalifa Al-, 195

Thatcher, Margaret, 286

Thatcher, Mark, 286

Threshold Cash Flow Formula, 425–26

Thunder Horse oil field, 611

Tillerson, Bobby Joe, 333

Tillerson, Renda House, 334–35

Tillerson, Rex W., xiv, 164, 210, 211–12, 245–46, 247, 256–57, 258, 265, 269, 341, 368, 380, 393, 414, 417, 418, 422, 437, 463, 487, 493, 495, 505, 523, 538–39, 541–42, 548, 555–56, 558, 573, 580, 581, 586, 588, 609, 614–16, 622–23, 624

alternate energy issue and, 442–43, 447, 450

background of, 332–34

Browner’s meeting with, 542–43

career of, 334–35

climate change issue and, 335–38, 347, 534–35, 536–37, 543, 596

at Clinton Global Initiative, 554–55

on Deepwater Horizon, 613–14

energy independence issue and, 439, 440–41

energy policy and, 501–4

executive leadership of, 595–99

Jones Award of, 599–600

medals program of, 335

Nigeria issues and, 464–66, 469, 476

offshore drilling issue and, 542–43

Putin’s meeting with, 621–22

Raymond’s legacy and, 338–39

Rosneft deal and, 621

succession contest and, 209–12, 314–18, 331–32

Venezuela issues and, 423–25, 427

XTO merger and, 579, 582–83, 588–91, 592–93, 594

Tizard, Steve, 384

T.N.I. (Indoensian National Army) (Tentara Nasional Indonesia), 118

ExxonMobil’s relations with, 101, 107, 108–11

human rights abuses of, 102–5, 107, 118, 220, 395, 397–98

John Doe lawsuit and, 120, 399–401

political power of, 107

TNK-BP, 274–75

tobacco industry, 85, 133, 134–35, 336–37

Total, 61, 172, 198, 255, 261, 322, 414, 415, 418, 425

Townsend, Peter, 48

Toyota, 180

Tragedy of Great Power Politics, The (Mearsheimer), 244–45

Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, 3, 126

Transocean, 602, 613

Treasury Department, U.S., 62, 168–69

Triple Option, 286

UBS, 268, 326

Ukraine, 267, 268, 517–18

unconventional gas, 577–78, 580–82, 584–87, 590–93, 617

Union of Concerned Scientists, 336

Union Oil Company, 120

Union Oil Platform A-21, 605

United Arab Emirates, 195, 222, 291, 322–24, 510, 558

United Front for Change (Front Uni Pour le Changement), 357, 363

United Kingdom, see Great Britain

United Nations, 66, 81, 105, 356, 370, 512, 519, 564, 574

Convention on Human Rights of, 111

Development Programme of, 155

Framework Convention on Climate Change of, 80–81

Human Development Index of, 367, 461

I.P.C.C. of, 79, 81, 88, 635n

Oil-for-Food Programme of, 561

United States, 18–19, 21, 29, 51, 58, 59, 68, 70, 83, 310, 448, 455, 464, 468

Aceh war role of, 112–14

Canada’s oil relationship with, 544, 548

Chad and, 158–59, 170, 174–75

daily oil consumption in, 308

Equatorial Guinea attempted coup and, 290, 291–93

Equatorial Guinea’s relationship with, 141–49, 151, 152, 514–16, 529

global oil prices and, 419–20

Iraq War aims of, 228–29

natural gas market in, 200–201

natural gas reserves of, 581, 583, 585

Nigerian oil security and, 469–75

oil dependency of, 303–4, 421–22, 435–37, 478, 618–19

Russia’s oil relationship with, 252–54, 258–59

Standard & Poor’s downgrading of, 625

strategic petroleum reserves of, 229, 237, 245, 440

Suharto regime and, 102

trade deficit of, 618

2008 election in, see election of 2008

United States Climate Action Partnership, 539–40

United States Energy Information Agency, 199

United States Geological Survey, 130, 413, 421, 621

United States Steel, 19

Upper Zakum oil field, 322–24

U.S. Agency for International Development (U.S.A.I.D.), 518

U.S. Catholic Conference, 169

U.S. Climate Task Force, 537, 554

U.S.-Russia Business Council, 265

Vail, Peter, 185

Venezuela, 20, 52, 59–60, 62, 166, 222, 245, 408, 421, 422, 440, 452–53, 544, 545, 547, 618

bond issue and, 426–29

cash waterfall agreement and, 426–34

ExxonMobil interests in, 409–13, 415–16

ExxonMobil’s asset seizure scheme and, 430–34

ExxonMobil’s damage claim against, 425–26

ExxonMobil’s pullout from, 422–26

global oil prices and, 419–20

oil industry nationalized in, 412–13

oil industry of, 410–13

oil quality of, 413

resource curse and, 461

resource nationalism and, 410, 417

royalty rate dispute and, 415–17

Vennerberg, Vaughn, 589

Venter, J. Craig, 549

Vershbow, Alexander, xiv, 251–54, 259, 267, 275

Verveer, Melanne, 302

Verveer, Phillip, 302

Vierbuchen, Richard, 557–60, 571, 573–74

Vital Voices, 302

Vogler, Gary, 233–34

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights, 106–7, 220, 223, 404–5, 464, 475, 504

Wachem, Lodewijk van, 45–46

Wahid, Abdurrahman, 100, 112, 118

Wald, Charles, 515

Wales, Greg, 281–86, 289, 644n

Walker, Lannon, 138

Wall, Marc, xiv, 359–60, 362–66, 368

Waller, Glenn, xiv, 255

Wall Street Journal, 587

Walmart, 20, 311, 326

Walter, Joe, 141–42

Walter International, 142

Walters, Tom, 164

Ward, Mark, 416

Warren, Andrew, 309

Warriors of the Rainbow, 26

Washington Post, 520

Watson, John, 591

Watt, James, 605

Waxman, Henry, 551, 552

Waxman-Markey bill, 552–53

Way to Win, The (Halperin and Harris), 487

Weekly Standard, 547

Weill, Sandy, 315

Weinberg, Shannon, 491

Weinstein, Martin J., xiv, 400–404, 406

Welch, Jack, 74, 180

Wells, Theodore, Jr., 406–7

WEST Engineering Services, 607

Whelan, Theresa, 280, 293, 472, 474

Wales’s meeting with, 281–86

Whitman, Christine Todd, 90, 91

Wichita Daily Times, 333

Widjojo, Agus, 105

Williams, Anthony, 146

Williams, Mike, 602–3

Willkie Farr & Gallagher, 400, 406

Wilson, Ronald I., xiv, 99, 113, 114–15, 118, 398

Wojnar, Theodore, 493

Wolfensohn, James, 165, 168

Wolfowitz, Paul, xiv, 240

Chad crisis and, 360–66, 367

Woolsey, James, 240

World Bank, 144, 172, 174–76, 307, 368, 417, 418, 519

Chad-Exxon deal and, 163–69, 350, 353–56, 366–67, 369

Wolfowitz-Chad crisis and, 360–66, 367

World Forum, 260–70

World War I, 230, 237, 245

World War II, 245

XTO Energy, Inc., 577–78, 595, 596, 597, 598, 617

ExxonMobil’s merger with, 579, 582–83, 588–94

Yamamoto, Don, 365–66

Yeltsin, Boris, 256, 260

Yemen, 108, 569

Yergin, Daniel, 229

Yoadimnadji, Pascal, 364

Yost, Paul, 13–15

Young, Andrew, 370

Yukos, 260–65, 266–70, 271, 274, 276, 418

Yunus, Muhammad, 554

Yusgiantoro, Purnomo, 115

Zainal, Munawar, 116ed, 332

Zandona, Oliver, 72, 560–61, 563, 564, 568

Zayed, Khalifa bin, 323

Zimbabwe, 289, 360–61, 461, 531

Zoellick, Robe

Zakaria, Farert, 363

Previous: BIBLIOGRAPHY
Book main: Foreword