Book: Beyond The Call: The True Story of One World War II Pilot's Covert Mission to Rescue POWs on theEastern Front

Previous: Notes
Book main: Foreword

INDEX

The page numbers in this index refer to the printed version of this book. The link provided will take you to the beginning of that print page. You may need to scroll forward from that location to find the corresponding reference on your e-reader.

Page numbers in italics indicate maps.

AAF (Army Air Forces). See United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

AC (Air Corps). See United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

Adams, John,

adventure and Trimble, , ,

agent officers, Eastern Command, –83

Air Corps (AC). See United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

aircraft wanted by Red Army, –13, , , , –134,

aircrew disguises for POWs, , , , ,

Air Medal, ,

Air Transport Command (ATC),

America/Americans. See United States of America

American gentlemen,

American Military Mission. See United States Military Mission, Moscow

Antonov, Aleksei I. (General), , –231

Anzio, Italy, , ,

appeasement from strength (Churchill),

appeasement of Soviet Union by U.S., –233, , –250, , , , , . See also Bridge, Donald (Lieutenant); King, Myron (Lieutenant); Shenderoff, Morris (Captain)

Area T (Harrington in Northamptonshire), OSS,

Armavir, Armenia, ,

Army Air Forces (AAF). See United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

Astakhov (Marshal),

ATC (Air Transport Command),

Athens, Greece,

atomic bombing of Japan by U.S., ,

AT&SF,

Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, Poland, , , –76, , , –107, , , , , , ,

Austro-Hungarian Empire,

B-17 Flying Fortresses, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . See also specific B-17s

B-17G “687,”

salvage of Tillman’s B-17 “687,” , , –123, –130, –142, –162, –166, , , , –181

B-24 Liberators, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –234, , , , . See also specific B-24s

B-25 Mitchells, –34

B-29 Superfortresses, ,

bait and switch, –224

Barbarossa (Operation), ,

Bari, Italy, ,

Barnett, Jack (Second Lieutenant), –164, , , ,

barrage balloon incident, Trimble, , –23, ,

BBC,

Beadle, Richard J. (Sergeant)

background of, ,

Cairo, Egypt,

Czarnków camp, Poland, –144

Gould and, , ,

Jessee and,

Lublin and Ukrainian border, –158

Matles and, , , , ,

Poznan, Poland, ,

Stalag III-C and, –144, –147, ,

Trimble and, , –168, , , ,

Warsaw, Poland, –145

Becky (B-24), ,

beds appreciated by Trimble, , , , , ,

behind the curtain, –62

Bergman, Ingrid,

Berlin, Germany, , , ,

Big Ben,

Big Buster (B-17),

“Big Three” Alliance, , –62, . See also Great Britain/British; Soviet Union/Soviets; United States of America

bird dogs. See escort officers

bitterness toward Soviets, Trimble, , , , ,

black market, Poland, , , , , –165, ,

blood sacrifice (Shenderoff), , , , , , ,

Bolsheviks,

bomber pilot, Trimble, –xxi, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

bombers, most fatal military occupation in Europe,

Bonnet, M. Henri,

Booth (General),

Boyertown, Pennsylvania,

Boy Scouts, –194,

Bridge, Donald (Lieutenant), . See also appeasement of Soviet Union by U.S.

court-martial to appease Soviets, , , , ,

emergency landing at Mielec, Poland,

leaving Mielec without Russian clearance, ,

suicide of Lieutenant who allowed Bridge to land at Mielec, ,

British POWs, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . See also Great Britain/British

British Special Operations Executive (SOE), ,

Bronze Star,

Brook Street, London,

brothels for male workers, German, –207

brutal awakening, –77

Brygidki prison, Ukraine,

Brzezinka (Birkenau), Poland, –66

Burk, Esther, –36

burying massacred Russian ex-POW boy, Trimble, , –199

buzzing caravans in Africa, Trimble, –34

C-46 Commandos, , , ,

C-47 Skytrains, –31, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

cabdrivers in London,

Cairo, Egypt, , , ,

callousness of Soviets, , , , ,

Camel cigarettes,

Camp Hill, Pennsylvania, , , , , , ,

Canada/Canadians, , , , ,

cannibalizing aircraft for parts, ,

Casablanca, , –34, , ,

Caspian Sea,

Caucasus Mountains, , ,

“change of plans” mix-up, OSS, ,

Cheka, . See also NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del)

Chemnitz, Germany,

Cherokees,

Churchill, Winston, , , –62, ,

CIA, . See also Office of Strategic Services (OSS)

civilian informant danger, , , –216, ,

civilian life, difficult adjustment for Trimble, –268,

Cleveland, Ohio, ,

Clopton, England,

closing of Eastern Command, –258,

Colt pistol, Trimble, , , , , , , –272

Commandos (C-46), , , ,

compass malfunction story, Trimble, ,

concentration camps, German, , –2, , , –60, , , –207. See also specific camps

Cornwall, England,

corpses in rows along railroad tracks, Trimble, , –197, –199

Corps of Engineers,

Cossacks and Trimble, , –126, , ,

Cottbus, Germany, ,

court-martials to appease Soviets

Bridge, , , , ,

King, , –246, , , ,

covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory. See also Eastern Command (Eascom); Poland/Polish; Poltava Air Base, Ukraine; POWs (prisoner of war); Trimble, Robert M. (Captain); United States Army Air Forces (USAAF); United States Military Mission, Moscow

background of, –xix, –xxv, –55

cover story (salvage and aircrew rescue), Trimble, –13, , , , , , , , , , –71, , , , , ,

Hampton and, , , , , , , , , ,

Matles and, , , , , –170, , ,

OSS and, –xix,

Poltava Air Base, Ukraine, ,

secrecy imperative, , , ,

SECRET telegram M-22121 requesting personnel for Poltava,

Trimble and, –xxv, , –62, , , , , , , ,

crash-landed aircrew rescue (Staszów, Poland), Trimble, –99, –101, –115

“crematoria” death houses,

Crimea,

“criminal deserters” (Russian POWs), Stalin, ,

Croix de Guerre, , –276

curfews enforced by Soviets, , , ,

Czarnków camp, Poland, –144,

“Daddy, what did you do in the Great War?” (WWI poster),

“Daddy” (Papasha), submachine guns,

Dakar, Africa, , ,

Daly, Cornelius F.,

Danzig,

D-Day, ,

Deane, John R. (Major General). See also United States Military Mission, Moscow; Wilmeth, James D. “Uncle Dud” (Lieutenant Colonel)

Antonov vs., , –231

appeasement of Soviets, regretting,

commander of U.S. Military Mission in Moscow,

diplomacy vs. justice of King’s court-martial,

first detailed eyewitness testimony of Soviet treatment of Allied POWs,

Harriman and,

inspection of Soviet facilities for POW evacuation, –68, –89

messages manipulated or falsified by Soviets,

permission to go to Lublin, –188

promotion of Trimble to major, ,

reconciling morals and politics,

secret messages from Wilmeth, , , –169,

Shenderoff and, ,

Trimble and, , , , , , ,

Wilmeth’s inability to contact, , ,

death camps, German, , –2, , , –60, , , –207. See also specific camps

death foreboding, Trimble, –35

Debach, England, –14, , , , , ,

Decree of the Stavka of the Red Army Supreme High Command,

Distinguished Flying Cross, , , ,

Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive,

dogs of American servicemen shot by Soviets,

Dolin, Leon (Second Lieutenant),

Donovan, William “Wild Bill” (General),

“Don’t Sit Under the Apple Tree,”

Dortmund, Germany,

D rations, ,

Dresden, Germany, ,

duplicity and dishonor of politics,

Düsseldorf, Germany,

Eagle project, OSS,

Eastern Command (Eascom). See also covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory; Hampton, Thomas K. (Colonel); Jessee, Tyler E. (Lieutenant); Kowal, Michael (Major); Poltava Air Base, Ukraine; Trimble, Robert M. (Captain); United States Strategic and Tactical Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF)

agent officers, –83

closing of Eastern Command, –258,

diplomatic crisis escalation, , , , , , –238

“Forgotten Bastards of the Ukraine,”

humanitarian crisis of ex-POWs,

infrastructure of, –57

inspection of Soviet facilities for POW evacuation, –68, –89, ,

Luftwaffe bombing of, –51

money of,

salvage and aircrew rescue responsibility, , , , ,

Yalta conference and,

Eastern Front,

Eden, Anthony,

Eden, Van (Captain), ,

Edinburgh, Scotland,

Eighth Air Force, , , , , . See also 493rd Bomb Group (H)

Eisenhower, Dwight D. (General), ,

Enola Yard, Pennsylvania,

escort officers (bird dogs). See also NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del)

NKVD, , , , , , , , ,

slipping away by Trimble, –85, , , , ,

Trimble and, , , , , ,

Trimble running with, –91

Europa Hotel, Lublin, Poland,

Evening News (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania), ,

far from home, Trimble, –199

father’s abandonment of Trimble, , , , , , –194, –198,

Fawzia (Queen of Iran) and Trimble, –42, –43, ,

female spies of NKVD, , , –171, , . See also specific spies

Festungen (strongpoints not to be surrendered),

field agents (“Joes”), OSS, –29

Fifteenth Air Force, , , ,

fighter escorts for bombers, , , , , –131

“Fighting Bastard of the Ukraine,” –101, . See also Trimble, Robert M. (Captain)

first detailed eyewitness testimony of Soviet treatment of Allied POWs,

first group of liberated prisoners helped by Trimble, –88, –91,

fishing loved by Trimble, , , , , ,

Fitchen, William (Captain),

Fitin, Pavel (General),

Flying Fortresses. See B-17 Flying Fortresses

forced marches of POWs by Germans, , , , –144,

forced workers (Zwangsarbeiter),

forebodings of Eleanor Trimble, –36, –39,

“Forgotten Bastards of the Ukraine,” . See also Eastern Command (Eascom)

Fortaleza, Brazil,

Fortresses. See B-17 Flying Fortresses

Fort Worth Army Airfield, Texas, ,

45th Infantry Division, , ,

459th Bomb Group,

492nd Bomb Group,

493rd Bomb Group (H). See also Eighth Air Force; Helton, Elbert “Butch” (Colonel); Trimble, Robert M. (Captain)

Kassel, Germany,

Magdeburg, Germany, –14

most fatal military occupation in Europe (flying bombers),

thirty-five mission milestone (tour of duty completed), , , –11, ,

transition from B-24s to B-17s, ,

whiskey courier, Trimble,

460th Bomb Group,

France/French

Croix de Guerre awarded to Trimble, , –276

French Resistance,

Isabelle (French POW), –3, –205, , –213, –218, , –224, , , ,

POWs, ,

Service du Travail Obligatoire, STO (compulsory labor service) and, –206

women (400) helped by Trimble, , –225, , ,

Frankfurt, Germany,

Frantic (shuttle mission program), , , –49, , ,

Fw-190s,

Galicia,

gas rationing in England,

Gaulle, Charles de (President),

gaziri,

generosity of Polish, , , , ,

Germany/Germans. See also specific prison camps

brothels for male workers, –207

“crematoria” death houses,

evacuation of camps, –2

executions of rebellious forced laborers,

forced marches of POWs, , , , –144,

Gestapo, ,

industry of, ,

Iranian oil fields and,

Jews murdered by, , , ,

liberated POWs massacre, –197, –199

Luftwaffe, , , , –51, ,

miscegenation crime, –207

OSS “Joes” (field agents) in, –29

Poltava Air Base occupied and destroyed by, , –51

prison camps, , –2, , , –60, , , –207

rape of female workers by, , ,

Service du Travail Obligatoire, STO (compulsory labor service), –206

Smolensk massacre, Russia, –53

SS, , , , , , , ,

USSR war,

Vichy government,

Wehrmacht, , ,

Zwangsarbeiter (forced workers),

Gestapo, ,

“Giftgas,”

Golubev (Colonel),

good looks of Trimble, , ,

Gould, Ronald (British Private)

background of,

Beadle and, , ,

Trimble and, , , , , , , ,

Govoni, Clotilde (Lieutenant),

Great Britain/British, , , , , , . See also “Big Three” Alliance; British POWs

Great Depression,

“Great Patriotic War,” , , ,

Grosvenor Square, London “Little America” (US Embassy), –29, , , ,

grounding of all transports and salvaged bombers, Poltava Air Base, –228, , , , ,

gun drawn on Soviet Colonel by Trimble, –140, , , , , , ,

Halifax, Lord,

Hall, Paul (Major), ,

Hamilton Army Air Base, California,

Hampton, Thomas K. (Colonel). See also Eastern Command (Eascom)

covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory and Trimble, , , , , , , , , ,

dogs of American servicemen shot by Soviets,

Kovalev vs., ,

relieved of command, –233,

Roklikov vs., –120

salvage and aircrew rescue cover story of Trimble, ,

Soviet mistrust of, ,

Trimble and, –58, –62, , , , , , , , , , , –239, ,

Wilmeth and,

Harriman, Averell (Ambassador). See also Roosevelt, Franklin D. (President)

appeasement of Soviets, regretting,

Becky (B-24),

concerns about Soviet treatment of Allied POWs, , , ,

Deane and,

reconciling morals and politics,

Trimble and, ,

Harrington in Northamptonshire,

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, –17, , , ,

Heinkel He s,

Helton, Elbert “Butch” (Colonel). See also 493rd Bomb Group (H)

background of,

compass malfunction story,

Lucky Bastard Club, –11

shuttle mission offer (lie) for Trimble, –14, , , , , , ,

Hero of the Soviet Union award,

Hickam Field, Pearl Harbor,

Hill, Edmund W. (Major General). See also United States Army Air Forces (USAAF); United States Military Mission, Moscow

appeasement of Soviet Union,

background of, ,

commander of all USAAF units and activities in Russia, ,

OSS and, ,

promotion of Trimble to major, –259,

Roklikov vs.,

SECRET telegram M-22121 requesting personnel for Poltava,

Trimble and, , , , –259,

Hitler, Adolf, , ,

Holocaust,

home, Trimble thinking of, –105, , –194

homeward bound, Trimble, , , , , , ,

hopak (Ukrainian folk dance),

Hotel George, Lwów, Poland, , , , , , , , –168, , , , , , , , , ,

humanitarian crisis of ex-POWs, , –61, , –67

Hummel Avenue, Pennsylvania, , –96, , ,

Hungarian troops in German service “accident” (Stalag III-C massacre), Red Army, ,

Hungary,

hunting loved by Trimble, , , , , ,

Hvischuk, Walter (Lieutenant), ,

inspection of Soviet facilities for POW evacuation, –68, –89, ,

Intourist, USSR’s state travel agency, ,

Iran, –43, , , , , ,

Iran (Shah of), –43,

Isabelle (French POW), –3, –205, , –213, –218, , –224, , , ,

Italy, , , , , , , ,

Iwo Jima,

Janowska camp, Poland,

Japan, , ,

Jessee, Tyler E. (Lieutenant). See also Eastern Command (Eascom)

background of,

Beadle and,

P-51 salvage,

salvage of Tillman’s B-17 “687,” , , –161, , ,

Jews murdered by Germans, , , , ,

“Joes” (field agents), OSS, –29

Johnson, Warren (Lieutenant), , , ,

Józef (ticket seller), , –216, , , , , , ,

Judith Ann (B-24), , , , ,

Juniata Valley, ,

Junkers Ju s,

Kaluta, Bill (Lieutenant),

Kasia (infant), –111, –113, ,

Kassel, Germany,

Katyn massacre, Russia, –53

Kecskemét, Hungary,

Kharkov, Ukraine,

King, Myron (Lieutenant). See also appeasement of Soviet Union by U.S.

court-martial to appease Soviets, , –246, , , ,

“Jack Smith” stowaway, ,

Maiden USA (B-17) forced landing in Poland, –229

Wilmeth as judge advocate at court-martial, ,

Kingsbury, Curtis (Lieutenant Colonel), , , ,

Kisil, Paul (Corporal),

Kouns, Charles (Colonel),

Kovalev, S. K. (Major General). See also Poltava Air Base, Ukraine

grounding of all transports and salvaged bombers at Poltava, –228

Hampton vs., ,

respects paid over Roosevelt’s death,

Roklikov and,

Stalin and,

tensions escalating with US,

Trimble vs., , –244, ,

Kowal, Michael (Major). See also Eastern Command (Eascom)

background of,

Eastern Command CO, , ,

salvage and aircrew rescue responsibility, –71

Soviet mistrust of,

Trimble and, , , –71, ,

Kraków, Poland, , , , –97, –104, –113, , , ,

K rations, ,

Kratke family, –99, –100,

Kursk, Russia,

Küstrin, Germany,

Lamsdorf, Germany,

Landsberg, Germany,

Lemberg, Poland, . See also Lwów, Poland

Lemoyne, Pennsylvania, , , –103

Lend-Lease program, , , ,

Lenin, Vladimir, ,

Liberators. See B-24 Liberators

Lida, Belarus,

liquor addiction of Soviets, , , ,

“Little America” (Grosvenor Square, London, US Embassy), –29, , , ,

Liverpool Street Station, England,

Lobb, Jean (Lieutenant),

Łódz, Poland, ,

London, US Embassy (“Little America,” Grosvenor Square), –29, , , ,

long way home, Trimble, –272

long way round (journey to Russia), Trimble, –46

Loretta (nurse) at Dakar hospital,

Lowry, Miss Esa, –165, , ,

Lublin, Poland, , , , , , , , , , –154, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Lucky Bastard Club, –11, , , ,

Luftwaffe, , , , –51, ,

Lwów, Poland, , , , , –81, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –202, , . See also Hotel George, Lwów, Poland

Lydia and Trimble, , –253,

Magdeburg, Germany, –14

Maiden USA (B-17), –229,

Maiya (Trimble’s NKVD interpreter), , , , , , , , , , , , –139,

Majdanek camp, Poland, , , , ,

maps, ,

March Field Army Air Base, California, ,

Marignane, France, , ,

Marrakech, Morocco, ,

Marseilles, France,

Marseilles-Marignane Airport, France,

Matles, John (First Sergeant). See also United States Military Mission, Moscow

background of,

helping POWs, –179,

intimidation by Soviets, deflected by,

P-51 salvage, , , ,

POWs helped by, , , , , –170, , , ,

rising tide of refugees, –179,

salvage of Tillman’s B-17 “687,” , , , , , , ,

Trimble and, , ,

McNeish, Jim (Scottish POW), –176, –178, , , ,

meat rationing in England,

Medal of Honor,

medals awarded to Trimble, , , , , –276

Melamedov (Captain),

memorial service for Roosevelt, ,

memories of war, Trimble, , , , –267, , –275, –278

Merseberg, Germany,

Mickiewicz Square, Poland, , , ,

Mielec, Poland, , ,

Milwaukee,

Mirgorod, Ukraine,

Misburg, Germany, ,

miscegenation crime, –207

Mitchells (B-25), –34

Molotov (Foreign Minister), , ,

money and money vest, Trimble, , , , , , , ,

Monte Cassino, Italy,

Montgomery (Scottish sergeant), ,

Montgomery, Jack C. (Second Lieutenant), –146

“Moscow,” . See also Deane, John R. (Major General); Hill, Edmund W. (Major General)

Moscow, Russia, , , , , , ,

most fatal military occupation in Europe (flying bombers),

Münster, Germany,

murder of Trimble possibility by NKVD, , –139,

Naples, Italy,

Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del. See NKVD

Nazis. See Germany/Germans

Neese, Stan (Lieutenant), , –95

News-Herald, The,

Niavaran Palace, –44

night of the Cossacks, Trimble, , –126, , ,

94th Bomb Group,

96th Bomb Group,

NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del). See also escort officers (bird dogs); Soviet Union/Soviets; Stalin, Joseph

Brygidki massacre by,

female spies of, , , –171, ,

founding of,

interrogation of POWs by,

Intourist, USSR’s state travel agency, ,

Kraków, Poland,

Lowry (Miss Esa), –165, , ,

Maiya (Trimble’s NKVD interpreter), , , , , , , , , , , , –139,

murder of Trimble possibility by, , –139,

OSS/NKVD intelligence exchange program,

Poland and, ,

relationship with Americans policed by,

repatriation of POWs run by,

repression instrument of Soviet Union,

salvage work halted by,

Trimble vs., , , , ,

Victory in Europe celebration at US Embassy in Moscow,

“no ketch venereal disease,” . See also NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del)

Norden bombsights, , ,

North Africa,

Northamptonshire, England, ,

not without honor, Trimble, –278

Novinskiy Boulevard, Moscow,

Oak Leaf clusters,

Observation Mission,

Odessa, Ukraine, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Office of Strategic Services (OSS). See also United States Military Mission, Moscow

agents and Trimble, –61, , –73, –82, , –107, , ,

Area T (Harrington in Northamptonshire),

back-door support to Trimble’s mission,

cache of secret weapons at Poltava,

“change of plans” mix-up, ,

covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory, –xix,

Eagle project,

Hill and, ,

“Joes” (field agents), –29

London headquarters,

Operation Tissue,

OSS/NKVD intelligence exchange program,

parachuting agents into occupied territories, , , ,

suits (civilian) and, , ,

Westfield Mission in Sweden, –29,

Oflag , Poland,

oflags,

Oklahoma,

Omaha Beach, France,

180th Infantry Regiment,

Operation Barbarossa, ,

Operation Frantic (shuttle mission program), , , –49, , ,

Operation Tissue,

Oppeln in Silesia, Poland,

Order of the Red Star,

OSS. See Office of Strategic Services

P-51 Mustangs, , , , –136,

Pacific Theater, , ,

Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza,

Panniers (Flying Officer), , –169

Papasha (“Daddy”), submachine guns,

parachuting agents into occupied territories, OSS, , , ,

paratroopers,

Paris, France, , , –262,

Parker (Lieutenant),

Passaic, New Jersey,

passport, Trimble, , , , , , , , , ,

patriotism of Trimble questioned by AAF general, –270,

Pearl Harbor, ,

Pennsylvania Railroad, ,

Pentagon,

People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs. See NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del)

Persian Corridor,

Persian Gulf Command,

Picarelli (Sergeant), salvage of Tillman’s B-17 “687,” , , , , , , , , , , ,

pilot, Trimble, –xxi, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

pilot training, USAAF,

“pinks & greens,”

pleasure flight over London, Trimble, –23

Pokój Wegierski (Hungarian Room),

Poland/Polish. See also covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory

black market, , , , , –165, ,

generosity of, , , , ,

intelligence source,

Katyn massacre, –53

OSS/NKVD intelligence exchange program,

Polish Home Army,

sacrificed to Soviet Union, , , , ,

Soviet treatment of, , , , , –134, –135, , ,

underground, ,

veterans feeling betrayed by Allies,

Polikarpov U-2s,

politics, duplicity and dishonor of,

Poltava Air Base, Ukraine. See also Eastern Command (Eascom); Kovalev, S. K. (Major General); Soviet Union/Soviets

closing of Eastern Command, –258,

covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory, ,

defenses of, –51

German occupation and destruction of, , –51

grounding of all transports and salvaged bombers, –228, , , , ,

Operation Frantic (shuttle mission program), , , –49, , ,

Red Army Air Force control of, –50

Soviet/American relations, –50, –52,

Soviet-American unity, ,

Stars and Stripes flown at, , ,

Trimble and, –51, –62, ,

Victory in Europe celebrations, –249, –253,

POWs (prisoner of war). See also covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory

first detailed eyewitness testimony of Soviet treatment of Allied POWs,

humanitarian crisis of ex-POWs, , –61, , –67

inspection of Soviet facilities for POW evacuation, –68, –89, ,

liberated by Red Army, , , , , –67, , –79, ,

prison camps, German, , –2, , , –60, , , –207

resolve of Trimble to help liberated POWs, , , , , , ,

Russian POWs treatment by Soviets, , , , –77, , , , , –197, –199,

Stalin and treatment of, , , , , ,

treatment of ex-POWs, –xviii, , , , –61, , , –77, –80, –87, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –190, –196, , , ,

United States Military Mission POW evacuation plans,

Poznan, Poland, , , ,

Praga, Poland, , ,

Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp engines,

prison camps, German, , –2, , , –60, , , –207. See also specific camps

prisoner of war. See POWs

promotion to major (never materialized), Trimble, –259, –260, , ,

Przemysl,

Purtautov (Captain),

Quartschen, Poland,

Radio Moscow,

RAF. See Royal Air Force

railroads and Trimble, , –193, , ,

Raleigh, Charles (Lieutenant),

rape of female workers by Germans, , ,

Rawa-Ruska, Ukraine, –164

RCAF (Royal Canadian Air Force),

recall possibilities, Trimble, , , , –265

reckless streak, Trimble, , ,

reconciling contradictions, Trimble, , –250, , –267, –270, –278

Red Army. See also Soviet Union/Soviets

Air Force, , –50, , , , –134, , , ,

American aircraft wanted by, –13, , , , –134,

American drafted in,

Auschwitz POWs helped by, –76

Festung Posen,

Hungarian troops in German service “accident” (Stalag III-C massacre), ,

information of downed aircraft vague,

Katyn massacre, –53

liberation of POWs, , , , , –67, , –79, ,

memorial service for Roosevelt,

Poland and, ,

Special Methods of Spy Detection (SMERSH, counterintelligence branch),

treatment of ex-POWs by, –xviii, , , , –61, , , –77, –80, –87, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –190, –196, , , ,

Trimble and, , , , , ,

Warsaw, Poland,

Red Army Hospital, Lublin, Poland, ,

Red Cross, , , , ,

Rembertów, Poland, ,

Reserve, Louisiana,

resistance by Soviets, , , , , , –149, , , , , , , ,

resolve of Trimble to help liberated POWs, , , , , , ,

Rhine,

rising tide of refugees, –179,

Ritchie (Brigadier General), , , ,

River Don,

Rocky Mountains,

Roklikov (Lieutenant), –120, –122, , , , ,

Rolls-Royce Merlin engines,

Romania, ,

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (President). See also Harriman, Averell (Ambassador)

death of, –242

memorial service for, ,

OSS/NKVD intelligence exchange program,

POW welfare interest of,

Stalin vs., , , , ,

Yalta conference, –62, ,

Rostov, Russia, –46,

Rougham, England,

Royal Air Force (RAF), , ,

Royal Air Force (RAF) Balloon Command, , ,

Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF),

Royal East Kent Regiment “The Buffs,”

running with the bird dogs, Trimble, –91

Russia. See Soviet Union/Soviets

Russian ex-POWs harsh treatment by Allies propaganda, , , –189

Russian POWs treatment by Soviets, , , , –77, , , , , –197, –199,

Russian roulette, Trimble, –140, , , , , , ,

Rzeszów, Poland, , , , , , , , , ,

sacrifice of Poland to Soviet Union, , , , ,

“safely out of the combat zone” lie, , , –59, , –96,

Sage, Jerry (Colonel),

Sahebqraniyeh Palace,

salvage and aircrew rescue. See also Trimble, Robert M. (Captain), salvage and aircrew rescue

cover story, Trimble, –13, , , , , , , , , , –71, , , , , ,

Eastern Command (Eascom) responsibility, , , , ,

Soviet Union/Soviets responsibility, –245

sandwiches and Trimble, ,

Scottish POWs, , , , –176, –178, , , ,

Sea of Azov,

2nd Infantry Division,

secrecy imperative of covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory, , , ,

SECRET telegram M-22121 requesting personnel for Poltava,

Service du Travail Obligatoire, STO (compulsory labor service), –206

SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Europe), ,

sharing technology and intelligence with Soviet Union by U.S., , ,

shashka,

Shenderoff, Morris (Captain). See also appeasement of Soviet Union by U.S.

background of, ,

blood sacrifice to Russia, , , , , ,

defection of,

drafted into Red Army,

Trimble and, , , , ,

short snorters,

shuttle mission offer (lie) from Helton, –14, , , , , , ,

shuttle mission program (Operation Frantic), , , –49, , ,

“687” (B-17G), . See also B-17G “687”

Skytrains. See C-47 Skytrains

slave labor, German, , –2, , , –60, , , –207. See also specific camps

Slavin, Nikolai (Lieutenant General),

SMERSH (Special Methods of Spy Detection, counterintelligence branch),

“Smith, Jack” stowaway, ,

Smolensk massacre, Russia, –53

Snetterton Heath, England,

SOE (British Special Operations Executive), ,

Soviet Union/Soviets. See also “Big Three” Alliance; NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del); Poltava Air Base, Ukraine; Red Army; Stalin, Joseph

appeasement of Soviet Union by U.S., –233, , –250, , , , ,

British regarded as enemy agents,

callousness of, , , , ,

curfews enforced by, , , ,

Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive,

German/USSR war,

“Great Patriotic War,” , , ,

gun drawn on Soviet Colonel by Trimble, –140, , , , , , ,

Hampton mistrusted by, ,

intimidation by Soviets, deflected by Trimble, , ,

Katyn massacre, Russia, –53

Lend-Lease program, , , ,

liquor addiction of, , , ,

money situation in,

Odessa plan,

Poland sensitivities, –53,

Polish citizens harsh treatment by, , , , , –134, –135, , ,

resistance by, , , , , , –149, , , , , , , ,

Russian ex-POWs harsh treatment by Allies propaganda, , , –189

Russian POWs treatment by, , , , –77, , , , , –197, –199,

Russian roulette, –140, , , , , , ,

salvage of aircraft taken over by, –245

sharing technology and intelligence by U.S., , ,

Stalag III-C massacre, , , –184

stealing oil from “687” (B-17),

suspicions of outsiders, , , , ,

tensions escalating with U.S., , –233, , , ,

transport planes in/out of Poltava requiring Soviet pilot, ,

Trimble’s bitterness toward, , , , ,

Vistula-Oder Offensive,

warmth of, –46, , , , –163

women tank commanders,

Spaatz, Carl A. (General), , , –262, , ,

spare the conquered, confront the proud,

Special Methods of Spy Detection (SMERSH, counterintelligence branch),

Special Operations Executive (SOE), ,

Spitfires, , ,

SS, , , , , , , ,

St. Germain-en-Laye, Paris,

St. Paul’s Cathedral, ,

Stalag III-C, Poland, , –144, , , –177, –184

stalags,

Stalag VIII-B, Poland,

Stalag XX-A, Poland,

Stalin, Joseph. See also NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del); Red Army; Soviet Union/Soviets

America as easily bullied, –255

Americans distrusted by, –50, ,

“criminal deserters” (Russian POWs), ,

Decree of the Stavka of the Red Army Supreme High Command,

Kovalev and,

Lwów (Lviv) granted to,

NKVD (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del) and,

OSS/NKVD intelligence exchange program,

Poland vs., –53,

POW treatment by, , , , , ,

Roosevelt vs., , , , ,

“traitors” (Russian POWs), ,

Yalta agreement and, –62, ,

Stars and Stripes flown at Poltava, , ,

Staszów, Poland, –95, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Stepanovich (Lieutenant Colonel),

STO (Service du Travail Obligatoire, compulsory labor service), –206

Stockholm, Sweden, –27

Storbanov (Major),

stowaway at Rostov, , ,

stress of Trimble, , , –197, , ,

strongpoints not to be surrendered (Festung Posen),

suffer the lost prisoners, –158

Suffolk, England,

suits (civilian) and OSS, , ,

Super Chief (train),

Superfortresses (B-29), ,

Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (Europe) SHAEF, ,

suspicions of outsiders by Soviets, , , , ,

Susquehanna Valley, , , , ,

Szczuczyn Airfield, Poland,

Szubin camp, Poland,

Tedder, Arthur,

Tehran, Iran, –43, , , , ,

tensions escalating between U.S. and Soviets, , –233, , , ,

Thames River,

theater at Rostov, Russia, –46

3rd Air Division,

Third Reich. See Germany/Germans

thirty-five missions (tour of duty completed), , , –11, ,

“three beets,”

384th Bomb Group,

Tillman, Arnold A. (Lieutenant)

crash-landing near Staszów, Poland, –95,

“Fighting Bastard of the Ukraine” nickname for Trimble, –101

Kratke family and, –99, –100

salvage of Tillman’s B-17 “687,” , , –123, –130, –142, –162, –166, , , , –181

Trimble and, –98, –101

“Till Then,”

Tissue (Operation),

tour of duty completed (thirty-five missions), , , –11, ,

Tower Bridge,

training, Trimble, ,

“traitors” (Russian POWs), Stalin, ,

trash-can torture (Lwów) witnessed by Trimble, –81, , , ,

treatment of ex-POWs, –xviii, , , , –61, , , –77, –80, –87, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –190, –196, , , ,

Trimble, Eleanor (Robert’s wife)

background of, , , ,

Carol Ann (Robert’s and Eleanor’s daughter), , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Colt pistol and, , –272

dementia of,

“Far Eastern” vs. “Eastern,”

fear of losing Robert,

forebodings of, –36, –39,

Helton’s offer to Robert and, –17

homecoming of Robert,

honeymoon,

Howard’s death (Eleanor’s brother), , ,

job,

laundry job, –15,

Loretta (nurse) at Dakar hospital,

pregnancy of, –38,

Russia and Robert, ,

Ruth (Robert’s mother) and, , , , –103

saving Robert’s life, , –272,

St. Paul’s Cathedral and, ,

strained relationship with Robert, , –268,

support of Robert, ,

wartime farewell with Robert, , –37, ,

Trimble, Robert M.

adventure and, , ,

background of, , , , , , , , , –194, –198, , ,

bitterness toward Soviets, , , , ,

Boy Scouts, –194,

civilian life, difficult adjustment for, –268,

death foreboding, –35

death of, ,

fall in garden, , ,

father’s abandonment of, , , , , , –194, –198,

feminine charm susceptibility of,

Fred (Robert’s father), , , , , , –194, –198,

good looks of, , ,

last words to (by Lee),

Lee (Robert’s son), , –278

memories of war, , , , –267, , –275, –278

reckless streak, , ,

Robert (Robert’s son), ,

wartime farewell with Eleanor, , –37, ,

Trimble, Robert M. (Captain). See also Eastern Command (Eascom); 493rd Bomb Group (H); United States Army Air Forces (USAAF); United States Military Mission, Moscow

A-bomb for Japan pilot turned down by,

abyss and,

“American Consular Service,” ,

American gentlemen,

Army Air Forces interview at Pentagon, –270,

barrage balloon incident, , –23, ,

beds appreciated by, , , , , ,

betrayal feelings of,

Big Buster (B-17),

blood sacrifice (Shenderoff), , , , ,

buzzing caravans in Africa, –34

cabdrivers in London,

callousness of Soviets, , , , ,

Casablanca, , –34, , ,

class B agent officer, –83

closing of Eastern Command, Poltava Air Base, –258,

cold at Poltava, , –56

Colt pistol and, , , , , , , –272

compass malfunction story, ,

CO of Eastern Command, , , –239, , , , , , , –269

Croix de Guerre awarded to, , –276

Debach, England, –14, , , ,

diplomatic status and danger,

farewell party for Spaatz in Paris, –261

far from home, –199

Fawzia (Queen of Iran) and, –42, –43, ,

female companionship offer, –139

flying in Russian winter, –45

Grosvenor Square, London “Little America” (US Embassy), –29, , , ,

Harriman and, ,

home, thinking of, –105, , –194

homeward bound, , , , , , ,

intimidation by Soviets, deflected by, , ,

Johnson and, ,

Kassel, Germany,

Kovalev vs., , –244, ,

leaving Lwów, –226

liquor shared with Red Army guard,

long way home, –272

long way round (journey to Russia), –46

Lowry (Miss Esa) and, –165, , ,

Lucky Bastard Club, –11, , , ,

Lydia and, , –253,

Maiya (Robert’s NKVD interpreter), , , , , , , , , , , , –139,

medals awarded to, , , , , –276

memorial service for Roosevelt, ,

Merseberg, Germany,

murder possibility by NKVD, , –139,

Niavaran Palace visit by, –44

not without honor, –278

passport, , , , , , , , , ,

patriotism questioned by AAF general, –270,

pilot, –xxi, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

pleasure flight over London, –23

politics, duplicity and dishonor of,

promotion to major (never materialized), –259, –260, , ,

recall possibilities, , , , –265

reconciling contradictions, , –250, , –267, –270, –278

Red Army and, , , , , ,

Roklikov and, –120, –122, , , , ,

“safely out of the combat zone” lie, , , –59, , –96,

sandwiches, ,

Shah of Iran and, –43,

Spaatz and, –262, ,

Stockholm, Sweden, –27

stowaway at Rostov, , ,

stress of, , , –197, , ,

theater at Rostov, –46

tour of duty completed (thirty-five missions), , , –11, ,

training, ,

trash-can torture (Lwów) witnessed by, –81, , , ,

Victory in Europe celebration at US Embassy in Moscow, , –254,

warmth of Soviets, –46, , , , –163

wedding of Kaluta and Govoni,

whisky courier for 493rd Bomb Group,

wisdom tooth surgery complications, –33, ,

Trimble, Robert M. (Captain), rescue of POWs. See also covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory; Eastern Command (Eascom); United States Army Air Forces (USAAF); United States Military Mission, Moscow

aircrew disguises for POWs, , , , ,

area of operations,

Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, , , –76, , , –107, , , , , , ,

bait and switch, –224

Beadle and, , –168, , , ,

behind the curtain, –62

bird dogs slipping away from, –85, , , , ,

brutal awakening, –77

burying massacred Russian ex-POW boy, , –199

civilian informants danger, , , –216, ,

corpses in rows along railroad tracks, , –197, –199

covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory, –xxv, , –62, , , , , , , ,

Deane and, , , , , , ,

escort officers (NKVD) and, , , , , ,

“Fighting Bastard of the Ukraine,” –101,

first group of liberated prisoners helped by, –88, –91,

Fitchen and,

Frenchwomen (400) helped by, , –225, , ,

German and liberated Russian POWs massacre, –197, –199

Gould and, , , , , , , ,

Hampton and, –58, –62, , , , , , , , , , , –239, ,

Hill and, , , , –259,

Isabelle (French POW) and, –3, –205, , –213, –218, , –224, , , ,

Józef (ticket seller) and, , –216, , , , , , ,

Kasia (infant), –111, –113, ,

Kraków, Poland rescue, –104, –113

McNeish and, –176, , ,

money and money vest, , , , , , , ,

need for American team in Lwów for dealing with ex-POWs,

NKVD vs., , , , ,

OSS agents and, –61, , –73, –82, , –107, , ,

Polish generosity, , , , ,

Poltava Air Base, Ukraine, –51, –62, ,

resolve to help liberated POWs, , , , , , ,

running with the bird dogs, –91

salvage and aircrew rescue cover story, –13, , , , , , , , , , –71, , , , , ,

secrecy imperative, , , ,

Vergolina and, –176, , ,

Trimble, Robert M. (Captain), salvage and aircrew recovery. See also Eastern Command (Eascom); United States Army Air Forces (USAAF); United States Military Mission, Moscow

Cossacks and, , –126, , ,

crash-landed aircrew rescue (Staszów, Poland), –99, –101, –115

gun drawn on Soviet Colonel, –140, , , , , , ,

Helton and, –14, , , , , , ,

Kowal and, , , –71, ,

Matles and, , ,

night of the Cossacks, , –126, , ,

P-51 salvage, , –136,

Russian roulette, –140, , , , , , ,

salvage of Tillman’s B-17 “687,” , , –123, –130, –142, –162, –166, , , , –181

shuttle mission offer (lie) from Helton, –14, , , , , , ,

Tillman and, –98, –101

Truman, Harry (President), ,

Tunisia,

Ukraine, . See also Poltava Air Base, Ukraine

United States Army, , , ,

United States Army Air Corps (AC). See United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). See also covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory; Hill, Edmund W. (Major General); Trimble, Robert M. (Captain)

aircraft wanted by Red Army, –13, , , , –134,

Army Air Forces interview of Trimble at Pentagon, –270,

command of air base must be pilot,

Croix de Guerre medal awards, , –276

fighter escorts for bombers, , , , , –131

pilot training,

short snorters,

United States Military Mission, Moscow. See also covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory; Deane, John R. (Major General); Hill, Edmund W. (Major General); Matles, John (First Sergeant); Office of Strategic Services (OSS); Trimble, Robert M. (Captain); Wilmeth, James D. “Uncle Dud” (Lieutenant Colonel)

first detailed eyewitness testimony of Soviet treatment of Allied POWs, –77

Hampton relieved of command, –233

humanitarian crisis of ex-POWs, , –61,

information sources,

money situation in Soviet territory,

POW evacuation plans,

Soviet change of heart about POWs, ,

Victory in Europe celebration, , –254,

United States of America. See also “Big Three” Alliance

appeasement of Soviet Union by, –233, , –250, , , , ,

atomic bombing of Japan by, ,

Great Depression,

Lend-Lease program, , , ,

Observation Mission,

sharing technology and intelligence with Soviet Union, , ,

Stalin vs., , , –255

tensions escalating with Soviet Union, , –233, , , ,

United States Strategic and Tactical Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF), , , , , , , , , , . See also Eastern Command (Eascom)

USAAF. See United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

USSR. See Soviet Union/Soviets

Vergolina, Rudolph (Sergeant), –176, –178, , ,

Vichy government,

Victory in Europe celebrations, –249, –254, ,

VIII Bomber Command (RAF),

Vistual River, –193

Vistula-Oder Offensive, ,

Vlasov (Colonel), , –153, , –187

vodka, ,

WAAF (Women’s Auxiliary Air Force), ,

War Department, , , ,

warmth of Soviets, –46, , , , –163

Warsaw, Poland, , , , , , , , ,

wedding of Kaluta and Govoni,

Wehrmacht, , ,

Westfield Mission in Sweden, OSS, –29,

whisky courier for 493rd Bomb Group, Trimble,

Willow Valley Manor, Pennsylvania, , –274

Wilmeth, James D. “Uncle Dud” (Lieutenant Colonel). See also Deane, John R. (Major General); United States Military Mission, Moscow

claim of Soviets, putting in writing, ,

Hampton and,

inability to contact Deane, , ,

inspection of Soviet facilities for POW evacuation, –89, ,

intimidation by Soviets, deflected by, , , ,

judge advocate at King’s court-martial, ,

Lublin, Poland, , –154, , , , , , , ,

network of informants set up by, ,

permit expiration, ,

Red Army Hospital, Lublin, Poland, ,

secret messages for Deane, , , –169,

Stalag III-C massacre,

treatment of ex-POWs, –190

Vlasov vs., , –187

Winant, John G.,

wisdom tooth surgery complications, Trimble, –33, ,

Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF), ,

World’s Fair (“A Century of Progress!”), Chicago, 1933,

World War I, , ,

World War II. See covert rescue mission of ex-POWs in Soviet-occupied territory; Eastern Command (Eascom); France/French; Germany/Germans; Great Britain/British; Office of Strategic Services (OSS); Poland/Polish; Poltava Air Base, Ukraine; POWs (prisoner of war); salvage and aircrew rescue; Soviet Union/Soviets; Trimble, Robert M.; United States

Wright, Orville,

Wright engines, ,

Wright Field, Ohio, –276

Yalta conference, –62, , , , , , , , , ,

Yugoslavia,

Zamosc, Poland,

Zwangsarbeiter (forced workers),

“Zyklon,”

Previous: Notes
Book main: Foreword