Book: Hell's Angels

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INDEX

The page numbers in this index refer to the printed version of this book. The link provided will take you to the beginning of that print page. You may need to scroll forward from that location to find the corresponding reference on your e-reader.

Page numbers in italics indicate maps.

A-20s,

Abbeville, France,

abortions (mission aborts), –156,

achievements, 303rd, –9, , , –410

Adam, Arthur,

aerial gunnery, –104, , , –315, –327, –330, –353

AGO Flugzeugwerke, , ,

Air Medal,

Air/Sea Rescue, , , –113, –163,

Air Transport Command,

Alamogordo Provisional Air Base, New Mexico, –28, , ,

Albert (King of Belgium),

alcohol, importance to men, –282

Alderman, Melvin, , , , , –386, , ,

Alex, Alexander,

Algeria,

Allen, Charles,

“all of us were done” (Dussliere),

Alresford, England,

Anderson, Frederick, –134

Andrus, James,

“and then he fell down dead” (Bayer),

“and then you slept in the barn” (Schulstad),

Angelo, George,

antiaircraft fire, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –233, –235, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . See also “flak phobia”

Antwerp, Belgium, ,

Arcadia Conference, –21

Ardennes Offensive, –344,

ARGUMENT, –205, , , ,

Armed Forces Network,

Armistice Day,

armorers, –325

Armstrong, Louis,

Army Air Corps. See United States Army Air Corps

Arnold, Henry “Hap.” See also United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

aerial gunnery training,

Casablanca Conference, –69

Churchill and, ,

“could we keep it up?”,

Eaker and, , , , ,

fighter escorts range problem, ,

GB-1s failure and, ,

growth of USAAF, , –20,

horrific destroyer of American lives,

impatience of, , , ,

Memphis Belle (documentary), –98

neutral nations concerns,

removal of Eaker by, ,

30 mission milestone,

United States Army Air Corps and, –20

USAAF progress and, , ,

Arnold, Lucius, –190

Aschersleben, Germany,

Ashworth, George, , –293

Asman, Robert,

Astaire, Adele,

AT-6s, , , ,

Audiss, Eldon,

Augsburg, Germany,

Avro Ansons,

Axis Sally,

B-17As,

B-17Cs, , –41

B-17Es, , , ,

B-17 Fortresses. See also maintenance and support personnel; 303rd Bomb Group (H); United States Army Air Forces (USAAF); specific B-17s

automatic flight control equipment (AFCE),

criticism of, ,

defensive armament problems,

development of, –41

engines, , –4, , , ,

.50-caliber machine guns, , , , , , , , , –296, , –318, , –324

flares as signals, , , ,

formations, –5, , , –224, ,

fuel for,

heated flying suits, –156

life rafts, ,

Luftwaffe vs., –32, –33, , –71, , –207, , , –368, –370, –380,

midair collisions, , , , , , , –277, –356, , –388,

Norden bombsights, –146, ,

oxygen, lack of (anoxia), , , , , , , –198, , , , , ,

power control importance, –221

prop wash problems, –66

range of,

reconstituted by Germany,

size of, , ,

tail markings, each bomb group, –274

takeoffs, , , , –271

unescorted and defenseless, , , , , , –284, ,

B-17Fs, –40, , ,

B-17Gs, , , , ,

B-18s, ,

B-24 Liberators, , , , , , , , , , ,

B-25s,

B-26s,

B-29s,

B-34s (Lockheed Ventura variant),

“back of the engineer’s head had been blown off” (O’Brien),

Bad Check (B-17), –177

Bad Penny (B-17),

Bailey, J. W.,

Baldwin, Irl, , , ,

Bale, Gordon, –242

ball-bearing facilities as targets, –100, , , , ,

ball turrets/gunners, , , , , –315, –318, –335, –337, , ,

Baltimore Bounce (B-17),

Balzano, Chris,

Bam Bam (B-17), –264

bar from walnut crates, enlisted clubs,

Bari, Italy,

Barker, John,

Barnum, Abraham,

“barrage box” technique, –234

Barteau, Edward,

Bartholomew, Max, –393

Bassingbourn, England, , ,

Bates, Theodore,

Battle Creek, Michigan, ,

Battle of Britain,

Battle of the Bulge, –344,

Bayer, Horst, –394

Bay of Biscay, ,

Beats Me!? (B-17), , , –75,

Beck, Gerd,

Belgium, , ,

Benedict XVI (Pope),

Bengston, Gilbert, ,

Bergeron, Arthur,

Bergstrom, Scottie,

Berlin, Germany, , , , , , –212, –215, , , –248, , , ,

Betty Jane (B-17),

Beucha, Germany, ,

Biggs Field, Texas, , , ,

Binder, Carroll,

Birkenseer, Donald,

Blainville, France,

blockbuster of bombs, –245

Blondell, Joan,

Blythe Army Air Base, California,

body armor, –197

Boeing, ,

bombardiers, , , , –146, , –149, –218, , , , , , ,

Bomber Command, , , , , , –209,

bomber crews of World War II, –9. See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

balancing the ledger,

changing men, ,

horrific destroyer of American lives,

impersonal fighting of air combat,

media coverage of, , –246,

overestimating numbers of aircraft downed, –214

reality of, –332

undetermined reasons for casualties, –264

unforeseen scenarios created by,

wounded, no farewells, –265

“bombing season,”

bomb-trapped aircraft,

Bonn, Germany,

Bonn/Hangelar airfield, Germany, –355

Bonnie B (B-17),

Botesdale, England, ,

Bouguenais, France, –264, –265

Bowman, Howard,

Bow-Ur-Neck Stevens (B-17),

Box, Charles,

Boyle, Frank, –262, , , , –313, , , –335, –337, , ,

Brampton Grange, England,

“brass hat racism,”

Brassil, Robert,

bravery, 303rd, , , , , , –187,

Breitenbach, Louis, –204

Bremen, Germany, , , , –161, , , , , , ,

Brest, France, , ,

Brooksville, Florida,

Broussard (Lieutenant),

Brown, Lois (Weinberg’s sister), –390

Brunale, Vito,

Brunswick, Germany, , , ,

Brussels sprouts and mutton,

Brux, Czechoslovakia,

Buckingham Army Air Field, Florida,

Buer Synthetic Oil Plant,

bullets and hobbying, –312

Buncher Beacons, , ,

Burch, Armand,

Busconi, Bert,

Buske, George, –161, –164, , , , ,

Butcher, Robert, ,

“buy American war bonds,” farmer,

Buzz Blonde (B-17), , , , , –360

C-39s,

C-47s,

Cadlolo, Raymond,

Cagney, James,

Calhoun, William, , , –179, ,

Callihan, George,

camaraderie, 303rd, , , , –363

Camp Haan, California,

Camp Lucky Strike, France,

Cantor, Eddie,

Caplinger, Auston,

Carantec, France, ,

Carlson, Melvin, ,

“Carpet” (radar spot jammers),

Carroccia, Albert,

Carroll, James,

Carter, Edward,

Caruso, Enrico,

Casablanca, French Morocco, ,

Casablanca Conference, –69, ,

Cases Air Base, Casablanca,

Cast, James,

Castle, Frederick,

Castle, John,

casualties

Eighth Air Force, , , , , , –141, , , , , , –344,

Luftwaffe, , , , , –206, , , ,

Royal Air Force (RAF), ,

303rd Bomb Group (H), , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

USAAF, , ,

Casualty Questionnaire (AFPPA-12),

Cater, Laurence,

Cathey, John,

Cat-O-Nine Tails (B-17),

celebrities and war, –60, –94

Chance, Arthur, –340

“charmed life, maybe” (Reber),

Charnick, Roman,

Châteaudun, France,

Chelveston, England, , ,

“cherry-picked,”

Chicago Daily Times, –103,

Chrisman, Warren,

Christianson, Roy,

Christmas and local children, –292

Christoff, Chris,

Churchill, Winston, , , , , –166,

“cigarette camps,”

circular error probable (CEP),

Citation of Honor,

Clapp, Keith,

Cobb, Edward, , –111,

COBRA, –258

Cogswell, Robert

Deerfield and, –105, ,

Iza Vailable (B-17), , , , –124

Korean War and,

Lady Luck crash-landing, , –132

Upstairs Maid (B-17), , , , , ,

“we checked our parachutes,”

Cole, Lloyd, ,

Cologne, Germany, –243,

Combat America (movie),

Combined Bomber Offensive, ,

commanders, 303rd, –29, –51, , , –303

Conn, Arthur,

Connecticut Yankee (B-17),

continuously pointed fire technique,

contrails danger,

Contreras, Louis, ,

Conver, Milton, ,

Cooney, Robert,

Cooper, John,

Cooper, Saul,

Cope, Wayne, ,

Coppom, Jack,

Cornish, Merlin, ,

Cosmoline, cleaning weapons,

Coste, George, , , ,

Cotham, Willie, , ,

cotton picking,

“could we keep it up?” (Arnold),

crabs,

Crawford, William,

Creil, France,

crew chiefs, 303rd, , , –125,

crews, 303rd, –99, , , , , –266, , , ,

Cronkite, Walter,

Crook, Charles, –204

Crosby, Bing,

CROSSBOW operations,

Crumpacker, Bill,

Cuba, –384

Cureton, Peter,

dairy farming, ,

Dando, Charles, –341

Dannes, France,

Dark Horse (B-17),

DaShiell, William, ,

Davis, P. J., –110, , , ,

daylight bombing, –34, , , , , , , , , , ,

D-Day, , , , –256, , , , , ,

Dead Reckoning (D. R.) Navigator, ,

Deelen, Holland,

Deerfield, Eddie

attachment of crews to aircraft,

background of, –104

Cogswell and, –105, ,

empty bunks as reminders,

fate and,

final mission, –230

“I was finally finished,”

Iza Vailable (B-17), , , , –124

Lady Luck, –131

murdering of Allies by Germans, –290

post-WWII,

target’s reputation and,

Upstairs Maid (B-17), , , –112

Defense Intelligence Agency,

Deimat, Maurice,

Determan, Alvin, , , , ,

DeWall, Hershel,

Diepholz, Germany,

Dietrich, Marlene,

Distinguished Flying Cross, ,

Distinguished Service Cross,

Distinguished Unit Citation,

ditchings, –111, , , , , , ,

“diversified farming,”

Döberitz, Germany,

Doering, Creighton,

Dohm, Bill, –356, , –359

Doolittle, James “Jimmy.” See also Eighth Air Force

complete combat tour, ,

Eaker’s replacement, ,

Oschersleben, Germany, ,

POINTBLANK,

Spaatz and, –210, ,

theatrics of, –210, , ,

White and, , ,

Doolittle’s Destroyer (B-17),

Doscher, F. C.,

Douglas, ,

Douglass, Earl, –268

“down in flames dove another of Goering’s fanatics” (Dussliere),

Drees, Edward,

Dresden, Germany, –395

Duchess, The (B-17), ,

Duchess’ Granddaughter (B-17),

Duffek, Francis,

Duffy’s Tavern (B-17), , –334

Düren, Germany, , –147

Dussliere, Albert “Al” “Deuce,” , –353, , , , –360, , –368, –385, ,

dysentery,

Eagon, Dennis,

Eaker, Ira. See also Eighth Air Force

Arnold and, , , , ,

“around-the-clock” bombing,

Casablanca Conference, –69,

Churchill and, –166

complete combat tour defined,

Doolittle as replacement, ,

Eighth Air Force built by, –31, , ,

ferocity of Luftwaffe, –135

fighter escort need,

horrific destroyer of American lives,

inspections of Eighth Air force, –54

leadership,

POINTBLANK directive, –100

Regensburg and Schweinfurt simultaneous strike, –115

removal by Arnold, ,

TORCH and, , –58,

25 mission milestone,

USAAF progress and, ,

Vogel and, –93

Earthquake McGoon (B-17),

Eder, Georg-Peter, –340

Edwards, Ken,

eggs (real) meal before a mission,

Eglin Air Field, Florida,

Ehrang, Germany,

Eifeltor marshaling yard, , –243

Eight-Ball Mk II (B-17), , , , –179, , ,

Eighth Air Force. See also Doolittle, James “Jimmy”; Eaker, Ira; 303rd Bomb Group (H); specific aircraft and missions

body armor, –197

built by Eaker, –31, , ,

casualties, , , , , , –141, , , , , , –344,

chance of surviving war, ,

Combined Bomber Offensive, ,

cover-up rumors, –184

daylight bombing, –34, , , , , , , , , , ,

drinking problems, –50

expectations met by,

friendly fire incident, –258

GB-1s and, , , –243

ground forces in France and, ,

growth of, , , ,

inspections of, –54

loss rate, , , , ,

morale of, , , , , –97, , , , , , , , , , ,

target sets, –100, , , , ,

30 mission milestone, , , ,

25 mission milestone, , –98, , , , , , , , , ,

VIII Bomber Command, , , , ,

863rd Chemical Company,

Eisenhart, Bill, , , , , –139

Eisenhart, Oliver “Tommy,”

Eisenhart, William, , –283,

Eisenhower, Dwight, , , , , , ,

electronic warfare, –350

1114th Quartermaster Company,

1199th Military Police Company,

Elliot, Jesse,

Ellis, James,

Elmers (artillery spotting aircraft),

Emden, Germany, , ,

Emerson, Aubrey,

Emerson, George, –376, –377

empty bunks as reminders,

England. See also Great Britain

Americans and, –294

cold of, –345

Eaker and,

life in wartime,

sexual dynamics of, –253

303rd move to, , , , –39, –46

V-1 bombing by Germany,

enlisted men vs. officers, –308

Erkner bearing works, Germany,

Eschinger, Edward, –394

Espinoza, Raymond,

Etheredge, Alvin,

Exide Battery Company,

farming, , , ,

Fawcett, Jack, , , ,

FDR (B-17),

FDR’s Potato Peeler Kids (B-17),

Fearless Fosdick (B-17),

Felixstowe, England,

Ferguson, Paul,

Fi utility and observation aircraft,

Fieseler Aircraft Works, –106

Fifteenth Air Force, , , , , ,

.50-caliber machine guns, , , , , , , , , –296, , –318, , –324

fighter escorts, , , , , , –144, , , , –183, , , –207, , , , , , –279,

fighter pilot party, –277

1st Bomb Division, –50, –116, , , , , , , , , , , , , , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

First Motion Picture Unit,

Fisher, George,

Fisher, William, ,

Fitzsimmons, Kenneth,

Flak Hack (B-17),

“flak phobia,” –335, –337. See also antiaircraft fire

flak suits, –197

Flickinger, Paul,

Fliegerabwehrkanone,

flight engineers, , ,

“flimsies,”

Floose, The (B-17), ,

Flying Bitch (B-17),

Flying Tigers,

Focke Wulf, , , . See also FW-190s

Foe, Kenneth, , , –6

Folmer, Fabian, –125

Fontaine, Clifford, –187, , ,

Ford, John, –17, –24, , , –39, –94, –128, –194, –406

Forget Me Not Olly (B-17),

formations of B-17s, –5, , , –224, ,

Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana,

Fort Dix, New Jersey, ,

Fort George Wright, Washington,

Fortresses. See B-17 Fortresses

Fort Richardson, Alaska, –219

forward access door incident,

Fouled Up Beyond All Recognition (FUBAR),

444th Sub Depot,

14th Armored Division, –377

427th Bomb (H) Squadron, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

41st Combat Bomb Wing, , , , , , , , , , , , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H); Travis, Robert

Frankfurt, Germany, ,

Friedrichstadt marshaling yard,

friendly fire incidents, , –258,

frostbite, , , , ,

frozen machine guns incidents, –322

Fulghum, Harold,

fuzes of bombs, –299

FW-190Ds,

FW-190s, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Fyler, Carl,

“G. I. gin” (terpin hydrate),

Gable, Clark, ,

Galland, Adolf, ,

Gamble, Donald,

Gander, Newfoundland, ,

Gardner, Ed, , –357, ,

Gates, Cecil, –361

GEE-H equipment, ,

Geiger, James, , , ,

Gelsenkirchen, Germany, ,

General Classification Test (GCT),

Geneva, Switzerland,

Geneva Convention, ,

Gentile, Don,

Germany/Germans. See also Luftwaffe; specific missions

antiaircraft fire, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –233, –235, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

B-17s reconstituted and flown by,

ball-bearing facilities as targets, –100, , , , ,

counter-countermeasures,

industry of, ,

MACRs and, , , , ,

manufacturing facilities as targets, –100, , , , , , , , , , ,

murdering Allies by, –287, –290, , , , ,

oil targets, –100, , ,

“our forces are fighting a hopeless battle,”

POW system, –377

relocating manufacturing centers to smaller plants, –118,

smoke generators and bombs, –148

stalags (camps), –375

transportation as targets, , ,

U-boats, , , , , , , , , , , ,

V-1/V-2s, –257

young slaughtered for lost cause,

Gilberte, Bernard, –85

Giles, Barney, ,

Gilsdorf, Arnold,

Gilze-Rijen, Netherlands, , –121, , ,

Glasgow Harbor, Scotland,

glide bombs (GB-1s) “Grapefruit,” –243

Gmernicki, Richard,

Gobrecht, Harry,

“God will find out” (Olsen),

Goetz, William,

Gold Star Citation, –252

Goodale (Lieutenant),

Göring, Hermann, , ,

Gowen Field, Idaho, , , , ,

Grace, Henry,

Grafton-Underwood, England, ,

Gray (S/Sgt),

Great Britain. See also England; Royal Air Force (RAF)

Air/Sea Rescue, , , –113, –163,

Casablanca Conference, –69, ,

Combined Bomber Offensive, ,

daylight bombing and, , ,

GEE-H equipment, ,

Great Depression, , , ,

Great Yarmouth Hospital, ,

Green, James,

Greene, George,

Green Hill Belle (B-17), ,

Green Hornet (B-17), ,

Greenland,

Grenier, David,

ground-mapping radar, –217

Gunn, Hal, ,

Gunner’s Information File,

Gust, Darrell,

gust locks,

Haas (Lieutenant), ,

Hachenbuchner (air defense guard),

Hagenbuch, Glenn,

“Haints,”

Halberstadt, Germany, ,

Halliburton, J. B. Lewis,

Halligan, Robert, –3, –5,

Hallum, Bert,

Halsbrücke, Germany, ,

Hamburg, Germany, , , –370

Hamburg-American Shipping Lines,

Hamill, Milton,

Hamilton, Susan, –291

Hamm, Germany, –307

Hammerlund, Carl,

Hand, Bob,

Hand, Victor,

Hannon, Val,

Hanover, Germany,

Hansell, Haywood,

“Happy Valley,”

Hardin, Thomas, , ,

Hardin, Tom, , –364

Hargrove, Quentin,

Harrington Buncher Beacon, , ,

Harris, Arthur “Bomber,” –209

Hassler, Paul,

Hayes (pilot), ,

Haynes, Charles, ,

Haynes, Harry,

haystack and takeoff,

head protection, ,

Healy, Richard,

Heaton, Barnell,

Heins, Erwin,

Hell Cat (B-17),

Heller, William, , –137, ,

Heller’s Angel (B-17),

Hell in the Heavens (B-17),

Hell’s Angels, –168. See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

Hell’s Angels (B-17), , , , , , –168,

Hell’s Angels (movie), ,

Hell’s Angels II (B-17),

Henderson, Grover,

Henderson, John, ,

Hendrickson, Mervin,

Henn, Thomas,

Henn’s Revenge (B-17), ,

Hernan, Howard, –214

Hester, Lloyd,

“he was lying on his back holding his gun” (Moody),

“he was mad as fire” (Ford),

Hiebeler, George, –295

Higgens, Warren,

Hilliard, John,

Hitler, Adolf, , , , , ,

Hitler Youth, ,

Hodges, Grady,

Hofmann, Raymond,

Holy Mackerel (B-17),

Hope, Bob,

horrific destroyer of American lives,

“how about Hell’s Angels?” (Baldwin),

Howard, James,

Howard, Victor, –285

Howell, Mel, ,

Howlett, Oscar,

Hughes, Howard, ,

humiliating harangue by a colonel, –304

Hummel, Wilbur, ,

Humphrey, William,

Hunga Dunga (B-17),

Hungerford, Merle, ,

Hurlburt, Don,

“hurry up and jump” (Jasinski),

hygiene problems, –194

“I became a sort of orphan within the bomb group” (Douglass),

Iceland,

icing problems,

Idaliza (B-17), ,

“I like to think she was pretty” (Vogel),

impersonal fighting of air combat,

incendiary bombs, , ,

Individual Casualty Questionnaire (AFPPA-11),

Irish Free State,

“I sure do get homesick at times” (Livingston),

Italy, , , , ,

“it’s a small world” episode (White),

“I vowed that I would never turn back” (St. Julian),

“I was blown out” (Brunale),

“I was finally finished” (Deerfield),

“I was tired of getting hit” (Magee),

“I was told something big was going on” (Stoulil),

Iza Vailable (B-17), , , , –124

Iza Vailable II (B-17),

Iza Vailable III (B-17),

Jagdgeschwader ,

Jam Handy, –323

Japan/Japanese, , , , , , , , ,

Jara, Felix,

Jasinski, Joseph,

Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, , ,

Jerry Jinx (B-17), ,

Jersey Bounce (B-17),

Jersey Bounce Jr. (B-17), –163, , , , ,

Jeschonnek, Hans,

Jess, Ray,

Jeter, James,

Jigger Rooche (B-17),

Joan of Arc (B-17), , –138,

John Deere,

Johnson, Charles, –369, –373,

Johnson, Richard “Dick”

aborted mission stigma,

airsickness, –269

attempted rape by Carroll,

background of, –238

booze run to Cuba, –384

brass, respect for,

bullets and hobbying, –312

friction on crew,

GB-1s and, –241, ,

head protection,

loss of friend, dealing with,

Lowe family and,

mail censoring,

post-WWII,

prostitution in England, –253

religion and,

Sky Marker bomb,

Vicious Virgin (B-17),

Johnston, Don, –245, ,

Joint Intelligence Operations Center Europe Analytic Center,

Jolly, Lester,

Joplin Globe,

Ju-88s, –71, , , , , ,

Junkers, , ,

Juvisy, France,

K-3/K-4 gun sights, –314,

K-13 gun sights,

Kaber, Harvey “Shorty,”

Kacere, Michael,

Kahler, Thomas, ,

Kaiser, Franz and Hildegard, –300

Kaiser, Hilda,

Kali (B-17),

Kaliher, John, –177

Kallstrom, Kenneth,

Kansas State Soldiers Home,

Kanschat, Wilhelm, –286

Kassel, Germany,

Katz, Edwin, –347,

Kearney Army Airfield, Nebraska, , ,

Keaton, Joe,

Kelley, Francis,

Kellogg Field, Michigan, , ,

Kenley, England,

Kennedy, John,

Kerman, Sheppard, –286, –289

Keroman, France,

Kettering, England,

Kiel, Germany,

Killed in Action (KIA), , ,

“killing the drift,”

Kimbolton, England, , , ,

Kingman, Arizona, ,

kinships with aircraft, , ,

Knockout Dropper (B-17), , ,

Knox, Walter,

Kodiak, Alaska, ,

Korean War,

Kotz, Warren, , ,

“Kraut fired a burst into the skipper’s chute” (Vogel),

Kremer, Mathias, , –138, –140

kriegies,

Lacker, Howard, ,

Lady Alta (B-17),

Lady Fairweather (B-17),

Lady Luck (B-17), –132

Landry, Bob,

Langdon Mental Hospital, England,

Langley, Virginia, ,

La Pallice, France,

Las Vegas, Nevada, , ,

Latzkendorf, Germany,

Lauer, Ford,

Lay, William,

leaflets (“nickels”), , ,

Leapin’ Liz (B-17),

Ledbetter, Lamar,

Leipzig, Germany, , , , –251, –388

LeMay, Curtis, ,

Lend Lease agreement, –39

Leuna synthetic oil refinery, –341

Leve, Franklin,

Liberators. See B-24s

Lightnings. See P-38s

Lille, France, –34,

Lincoln Evening Journal,

Lindbergh, Charles,

Link trainers,

liquor wrapped in blankets,

living quarters,

Livingston, Acel, –248, , –252

Livingston, Robert,

Lockheed, , , , . See also P-38s

Loessnitz, Germany, –387

Lombardo, Guy,

London, England, –57, –59, , ,

London Times,

Long, Johnny, –231

Long, Lloyd,

Longfellow, Newton “The Shouting Star,” –55

Lorient, France, , –79,

loss rate

Eighth Air Force, , , , ,

Luftwaffe, –206,

Royal Air Force (RAF),

303rd Bomb Group (H), ,

USAAF,

Lowe family,

luck, , –8, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Ludwigsburg, Germany,

Ludwigshafen, Germany,

Luftwaffe. See also Germany/Germans; specific aircraft and missions

B-17s vs., –32, –33, , –71, , –207, , , –368, –370, –380,

bad weather defense impact on,

casualties, , , , , –206, , , ,

decline of, –207, , –367

destruction of as prerequisite for Allied invasion of Europe, –100, , , ,

ferocity of, , , –135, , –178, , , –380

gaps in fighter escorts and, ,

head-on attacks by, –222

leadership failure of, ,

loss rate, –206,

shadowing formations technique,

stress of, –201

Vier Motor Schreck,

Lulsgate Bottom,

Luscious Lady (B-17), –203

Lyle, Lewis, –9, –303,

Lyon/Bron Airdrome, France,

M30/34/43/64 bombs,

MacDill Field, Florida,

Mackin, George, –355

Magdeburg, Germany, , , –285, ,

Magee, Alan, –63

Maginot Line,

Magner, Wayne,

mail, importance of, –199,

maintenance and support personnel. See also B-17 Fortresses; 303rd Bomb Group (H)

abortions,

anxiety over loss of comrades, –190

appreciation of crew chiefs by pilots,

behind-the-scenes, Seaton, –128

cannibalization of ships by,

Charge of Quarters (CQ) duty, ,

duration of service,

growth of, ,

importance of, , –19, ,

inexperience of,

kinships with particular aircraft,

preparation for mission, –125

stowaways on B-17s,

wake-up crews, –171

Mainz, Germany, –283

Malone, William,

Mannheim, Germany, , ,

Manning, John,

Manston, England, ,

manufacturing facilities as targets, –100, , , , , , , , , , ,

March Field, California,

Marchionda, Guido, , –388

Marienburg, Germany,

Marion, Charles,

Martin,

Masefield, Peter, ,

Massingill, David,

Mathis, Jack, , –96, ,

Mathis, Rhude Mark, ,

Mauger, Warren, –401

McCamy, James, –250

McClellan, George,

McClure, Thomas,

McCormick, James,

McCoy, Mel,

McDaniel, Harry,

McDermott, Mark, , , , , , , , ,

McDevitt, Theodore,

McGarry, John, , , , , ,

McGinnis, Martin “Marty,” –348

McGrath, Leo,

McGraw, Claude,

Me-109s, , , –70, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Me-110s, –71, , , , ,

Me-210s, –71,

Me-262s, , , –368, –370, –380, , ,

Me-410s, –71

Medals of Honor, , , , , ,

media coverage, , –246,

Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (MAAF),

Memphis Belle (B-17), , ,

Memphis Belle, The: A Story of a Flying Fortress (documentary), –98

Memphis Tot (B-17),

Merseberg, Germany, ,

Merseburg, Germany, , , –341

Merville, France,

Merzhausen, Germany,

Messerschmitt, . See also specific Me aircraft

Messier, Dick,

Meyer, Willis, –126

Michael, David, , –296,

Mickle, James, –307

midair collisions, , , , , , , –277, –356, , –388,

MiG-15s,

Milch, Erhard,

“milk runs,” , –123, ,

Miller, Cecil, –317

Miller, David,

Miller, Edgar, –197

Miller, Glenn,

Miller, Ray, , ,

Miller, William, ,

Mills Brothers,

Missing in Action (MIA),

Mission Air Crew Reports (MACRs), –249, –251, , ,

Miss Lace (B-17), ,

Miss Umbriago (B-17), ,

Mitchell, Allan,

Mitchell, Kirk, , ,

Model ,

Moffatt, Louis, –120,

Molbis power station,

Molesworth “Mudsworth,” , –39, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –404

Moncur, Vern, –178, , , , , ,

Monsees, George,

Moody, Stanley, , –162

Mooney, Marion,

Moore, J. M.,

Moosburg, Germany, ,

morale of Eighth Air Force, , , , , –97, , , , , , , , , , ,

Morales, Carl,

Morgan, Robert, –97, ,

Morgenthau, Henry, ,

morphine,

Morrison, George, –189

Moser, Roy,

moving base shotgun range,

Much Wenlock, Shropshire, ,

Mullins, Grover,

Munich, Germany, , , ,

murdering Allies by Germans, –287, –290, , , , ,

Murdoch, Harry,

Murray, Robert,

Mustangs. See P-51s

My Blonde Baby (B-17),

My Darling (B-17),

Nantes, France, ,

National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Counselors,

navigators, 303rd, , –108, , –218, , , ,

Neff, Bill,

Nelson, William, ,

Neumünster, Germany,

neutral nations and aircraft, –227,

Newfoundland/Newfies, ,

“Newsboy’s Lesson, The,” ,

Ney, Russell,

night bombing, –67, , ,

Nijmegen, Netherlands,

91st Bomb Group, –97, ,

92nd Bomb Group, , ,

97th Bomb Group, , ,

Ninth Air Force,

Nix, James,

nonexistent airplane accident, –278

“no Panty Waist union hours,”

Norden bombsights, –146, ,

North Africa, ,

North American. See P-51s

Northampton, England, ,

North Atlantic, , , , , ,

North Frisian Islands,

North Island, California,

North Sea, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Northwest Africa, –48, , ,

“nothing spectacular except the explosion” (Eder),

Oberer Bahnhof station, Germany,

Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, –227,

O’Brien, Eugene,

O’Brien, William, –327

observers in tail gunner’s position, –269

O’Connor, Oran,

O’Dell, Benjamin, , ,

officers vs. enlisted men, –308

oil production targets, –100, , ,

Old Cock (B-17),

Old (B-17), ,

O’Leary, James, , , –349

Ole George (B-17),

Oliver, Sam,

Olsen, Curtis, –130

“one must be able to depend upon his crew” (Reber),

“only” incident,

Ooold Soljer (B-17),

Operation COBRA, –258

Operation TORCH, –48, , ,

Oranienburg, Germany, –381

O’Rourke, Mary Catherine,

Orvis, George,

Oschersleben, Germany, , , , –186, , , , ,

Osnabrück, Germany, , ,

Otto (air defense guard),

“our fighter support was splendid” (Moncur),

“our forces are fighting a hopeless battle” (Germany),

Oxrider, George, , –79,

oxygen, lack of (anoxia), , , , , , , –198, , , , , ,

P-38 Lightnings (Lockheed), , , , , –207,

P-47 Thunderbolts (Republic), , , , , –142, , , , , –273,

P-51 Mustangs (North American), , –143, , , , , , , , , ,

Palmer, Jackson,

Paper Dollie (B-17), ,

Parker, George, , ,

Pas-de-Calais, France, , ,

Pathfinder Force “Mickey” (PFF), –218, –220, –222, , –228, , ,

Patterson Field, Ohio,

peanut butter sandwich damage,

Pearl Harbor, , , , , ,

Peck O’ Trouble (P-47), –273

Peed, Philip, , ,

Pendleton Field, Oregon,

Peterburs, Joseph,

Peterson, Elmer,

Pfahler, Ervin, , ,

Philips, Dwight,

pig stolen from English farmer,

pilots, 303rd, –16, , , , , , , , , , , , , –146, , –152, –154, , –222, , , –264, , , , , , , , –305, , , , –385

Pilsen, Czechoslovakia, –401

Pinneberg, Germany,

Pitcher, Maynard, –297

Pleyben, France, , , ,

POINTBLANK, –100, , , ,

Polaris (North Star),

Portal, Charles,

“position firing,” aerial gunnery, ,

post exchange (PX), , , ,

Powell, Doc,

POWs, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –377, , , , ,

Prestwick, Scotland,

prop wash problems, –66

Prussman, Hank,

PT-14s (Waco), ,

PT-17s,

Purple Hearts, , ,

pyrotechnic pistols,

Quinine-Bitter Dose (B-17),

Quinn, Thomas, , , –139, ,

radio operators, 303rd, , , , , , , ,

Raesley, Wilmer,

Raper, William, , –362

Ratzinger, Joseph,

Raye, Martha,

realities of war, –46

Reber, Ehle

amusements, , –42

background of,

bombed areas of London,

“charmed life, maybe,”

death of,

development of B-17s, , ,

friendly fire incident,

inexperience of crews,

inspection by Longfellow and, ,

Jerry Jinx, ,

Killed in Action (KIA), ,

Lille, France mission,

London recreation, –57, –59

naming trucks,

“one must be able to depend upon his crew,”

prop wash incident,

Royal Air Force respected by,

St. Nazaire mission, –52, –53,

state of flux of 303rd, –43

submarine pen targets,

taxi drivers in London, –57

Recon (427th mascot), , ,

Red, The (B-17),

Red Ass (B-17),

Red Cross, , , , ,

Reddig, Arthur,

Reed, Clair,

Regensburg, Germany, –116, –118

Reichel, Fred,

“relative speed,” aerial gunnery,

Republic. See P-47s

Reuss, Lester, –281

Reynolds, Jim,

R.M.S. Queen Mary, –38,

Roach, Wightman,

Roberts, Pauline “Bobby,”

Robey, Harry, , , , , ,

Robinson, George,

Rocco, Patsy,

Rode, Günter,

Romera, Elisia,

Rommel, Erwin,

Rooney, Mickey,

Roosevelt, Franklin D., , , , , , , , ,

Rose, Jack,

Ross, Sam,

Roth, Charles, –74

Rotterdam, Netherlands,

Rouen, France, , ,

Royal Air Force (RAF). See also Great Britain; specific aircraft and missions

Americans and, , ,

Arnold and,

B-17Cs, –41

Berlin bombed by, –209,

Bomber Command, , , , , , –209,

Brussels sprouts and mutton,

casualties, ,

ditchings,

Eaker and,

electronic warfare,

ground-mapping radar (H2S), ,

loss rate,

Masefield and,

Molesworth and, , –130

night bombing, –67, , ,

P-51s and,

Royal Canadian Air Force,

Royal Hotel at Southport, –336

Ruhr Valley, Germany, , , ,

Saarbrücken, Germany, –231, ,

Sable, Roy,

Sacco, Anthony,

Sack Time (B-17), , , , ,

Sadler, James,

Salcombe, England,

Salt Lake City, Utah, , ,

Sandage, Walter,

Sanders, Coleman, –191

Sanders, Frank, –65

Sanderson, Ellis, ,

Sandhagen, Sandy,

Sandweiler, Luxembourg,

San Quentin Prison,

Santa Ana (B-17),

Satan’s Workshop (B-17),

Saunders, Frank,

Savannah, Georgia,

Savoy, London, –59

Sawicki, Joseph,

Scarlet Harlot (B-17),

Schlageter Bridge, –348

Schreiber, Hugo,

Schroll, David,

Schuck, Walter, –380, –382

Schulstad, Louis “Mel” “Tool Shed”

“and then you slept in the barn,”

background of, –16,

Beats Me!? (B-17), ,

camaraderie of 303rd,

camera stolen from,

fighter escorts and, –144

44 missions flown by,

letter about seeing combat,

liquor wrapped in blankets,

nonexistent airplane accident, –278

petty theft victim,

post-WWII,

promotion party,

realities of war, –46

unpressurized, unheated B-17s, –155

“we poured them into the back of the airplane,”

Schultz, Milo, –231, –245, –265

Schutzstaffel (SS),

Schweinfurt, Germany, –117, , , , –141, , , , , , –259, ,

Seaton, Russell, –128

Second Air Force, , , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

2nd Bomb Division, , , ,

Sedalia Democrat,

Seifert, Lothar,

September , 2001 terror attacks,

Sersland, Paul, , –330, –332, , , , –364

Service Star Legion,

sexual dynamics of England, –253

S-for-Sugar (B-17), ,

Shanafelt, Arthur, –398

Shanahan, John,

Shangri-La Lil (B-17),

sharecropping,

Shayler, Walter, ,

Sheets, Robert,

“she is a hell of a big ship” (Queen Mary),

Shelhamer, David,

shell casings, machine guns damage,

Shepard, Dick,

Sheridan (Major),

Sherman, John, ,

Shoo-Shoo Baby (B-17), ,

Short Stirlings, –130

“shuffling the deck” accidents,

Shumake, Glenn,

Silrum, Orvis,

Silver Fox (B-17),

Silver Star recipients, ,

Simpkins, Bill, –161,

Sirany, George,

Situation Normal All “Fouled” Up (SNAFU), –52

1681st Ordnance Company,

skeet shooting,

Skoda Armament Works,

Skoner, Edmund,

sky marker devices,

Sky Wolf (B-17), , ,

Slessor, John,

Smith (member of bomb crew),

Smith, Alfred,

Smith, Ben, , , –304, –310

Smith, Grafton, , , , , , ,

Smith, Harold,

Smith, Jerry,

Smith, Theodore, ,

Smith, Walter,

smoke generators, bomb aiming, –148

smoking cigarettes,

Snap, Crackle, Pop! (B-17), ,

Snell, Jack,

Snetterton Heath, England,

Snyder, Edgar, , –354

Sorenson, Robert, –334

Soria, Peter, ,

Sottevast, France,

Southworth, Billy,

Soviet Union/Soviets, , , , ,

Spaatz, Carl “Tooey,” –31, , , , , , , , ,

Spanish Civil War,

Speer, Albert, ,

Spencer, Charles, , –407

Spirit of Flak Wolf (B-17), , –3, , –6

Spirit of Wanette (B-17),

Spitfires, , , , ,

Splasher Beacons,

Spook (B-17),

Spooner, Dutch,

spot jammers,

Springfield rifles,

St. Julian, John, –153

St. Louis, Missouri,

St. Nazaire, France, –52, –53, –62, , ,

Stachowiak, Martin,

Stade, Germany,

stalags (camps), –375

Stalag VII-A, –377

Stallings, George,

Stamberger, Otto,

Stander, Billie,

Stardust (B-17),

Statton, Roy,

Stender, Francis, –249

Stephan, Paul,

Sterkade, Germany,

Sterkrade, Germany,

Stevens, Kermit,

Stevens, Wayne,

Steward, Slim,

Stewart, George,

Stewart, Jimmy, –60

Stewart, Paul C., –225

Stockton (Lieutenant), ,

Stockton, Donald,

Stoulil, Don, –193, –220, , –228, , ,

Stouse, Harold, ,

stoves and coke,

stowaways on B-17s,

Stratemeyer, George,

Stric Nine (B-17),

Stuermer, John,

Stuphar, Stephen,

Sturmböcke FW-190s,

Stuttgart, Germany, , , ,

Sudderth, Ralph,

Sulkofski, Francis, , , , ,

Sunday Times (London),

“surf-ride” (running stitch) technique,

Susfu (B-17), , ,

Susskind, Harold,

Sutherland, John, –29

Sweden, , ,

Swindle, Robert,

Switzerland, , , , ,

tail gunners, 303rd, , , , , , –318,

takeoffs, , , , –271

targets, bombs, and fuzes, –299

target sets, Eighth Air Force, –100, , , , ,

Taub, Francis,

Tempesta, David,

Teno, James,

“they are working me to death” (Shanafelt),

3rd Bomb Division, , , , ,

3rd Station Complement Squadron,

.30-caliber machine guns, AT-6s, , , ,

305th Bomb Group, , –135,

31st Reconnaissance (H) Squadron, , . See also 427th Bomb (H) Squadron

30 mission milestone, , , ,

303rd Bomb Group (H) “Hell’s Angels.” See also B-17 Fortresses; bomber crews of World War II; Eighth Air Force; 427th Bomb (H) Squadron; maintenance and support personnel; 358th Bomb (H) Squadron; 359th Bomb (H) Squadron; 360th Bomb (H) Squadron; specific missions

abortions (mission aborts), –156,

accidents, , –27, , ,

achievements of, –9, , , –410

aircraft for, –25, , , –41

assembly ships, ,

bicycles, –310

bravery of, , , , , , –187,

British and, –294

camaraderie of, , , , –363

casualties, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

chance, fate, destiny and providence (role of), –158

commanders of, –29, –51, , , –303

diary of unit, , , , , , , , –292

dissent among, –364

England move, , , , –39, –46

enlisted men vs. officers, –308

evaluation mission, –26

exhaustion of men finishing war, –398

experience of early crews incorporated into group’s operations,

first Eighth Air Force mission, ,

formation of, –23,

growth of, , –25, , –224

inactivation of,

inexperience of, , , –52,

inspection by Longfellow, –54,

last mission, –400

leadership, –308

legacy of, –407

loss of comrades, , , –311

loss rate, ,

luck and, , –8, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

morale of, , , ,

officers vs. enlisted men, –308

organizational changes, –166

organization of, –23, , –43

parachuting, –78, –317

POWs, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –377, , , , ,

promotions,

R.M.S. Queen Mary,

squadrons, –224,

Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), –153, , –218, , , –271, ,

teamwork, –307, , ,

31 mission record (Tulloss),

300 mission milestone, –361,

training, , , , –27, , , , , , ,

25 mission milestone, , –98, ,

200 mission milestone, ,

“this is the time when I get scared” (Travis),

Thomas, Blaine E., ,

Thompson, Ruby Side, –185

351st Bomb Group, ,

358th Bomb (H) Squadron, , , , , , , , , , –160, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

359th Bomb (H) Squadron, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –327, , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

379th Bomb Group, , , , , , ,

360th Bomb (H) Squadron, , , , , , , , , , –284, , , , , , , , , , , , . See also 303rd Bomb Group (H)

384th Bomb Group, , , , , ,

Thumper (B-17),

Thumper Again (B-17), –137

Thunderbird (B-17), , , ,

Thunderbolts. See P-47s

Tibbets, Paul,

Timken, Jack,

Timm, Harold,

Timmins, Jack, ,

Tiny Angel (B-17), ,

Tippet, Paul, , , ,

Tittmann, Johanna, –387

“toggliers,” –149

Tooey (armament man),

top turret gunners, 303rd, , , , ,

TORCH, –48, , ,

Townsend, Edward, –334

train of bombs,

transportation as targets, , ,

trap shooting,

Travis, Robert. See also st Combat Bomb Wing

background of, –172

Cooney and,

Eight-Ball Mk II (B-17), , , –179

mean-spirited blowhard, –283

nonexistent airplane accident, ,

Oschersleben, Germany, –169, , , –181

Schulstad and, ,

Stoulil and, –228,

“this is the time when I get scared,”

Tiny Angel (B-17),

urine across face of,

“Triangle C” tail marking,

Tugboat Annie (Phyllis) (B-17), –278

Tulloss, John,

Turkington, Calvin,

Twelfth Air Force, ,

25 mission milestone, , –98, , , , , , , , , ,

202nd Finance Company,

20th Fighter Group, ,

U-boats, , , , , , , , , , , ,

Udet, Ernst,

Underwood, George,

unescorted bombers defenseless, , , , , , –284, ,

United States Air Force,

United States Army Air Corps, , , –20, , . See also United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). See also Arnold, Henry “Hap”; Eighth Air Force; 303rd Bomb Group (H); specific aircraft and missions

aerial gunnery, –104, , , –315, –327, –330, –353

aircraft lost statistics,

basic training, , , ,

“book, the,”

casualties, , ,

“chaff,”

cold weather clothing, –156

counterintelligence,

destruction of Luftwaffe as prerequisite for invasion of Europe, –100, , , ,

drinking problems, –50

electronic warfare, –350

enlisted men’s path to pilot, –16

fighter escorts, , , , , , –144, , , , –183, , , –207, , , , , , –279,

funding for, ,

German records supplementing MACRs, , , , ,

glide bombs (GB-1s) “Grapefruit,” –243

ground-mapping radar (AN/APS-15 H2X), –217

growth of, , , –20, , , –25, , , , ,

loss rate,

Luftwaffe vs., –32, –33, , –71, , –207, , , –368, –370, –380,

Mission Air Crew Reports (MACRs), –249, –251, , ,

numbering schemes of squadrons,

operational security,

pay, , , ,

RAF’s Bomber Command vs.,

range problems, fighter escorts, , –143

recruiting,

replacement air crews, , , , , , , –332

rest homes, –336

rotation policy,

typists, ,

venereal disease problems,

United States Information Agency,

United States National Guard,

United States Navy, , , ,

United States of America. See also 303rd Bomb Group (H); United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)

Arcadia Conference, –21

Casablanca Conference, –69, ,

celebrities and war, –60, –94

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC),

entry into World War II,

Great Depression, , , ,

industry of, , , , –40,

isolationism,

Lend Lease agreement, –39

morale, , , ,

Pearl Harbor attack by Japan, , , , , ,

public relations, , –98

United States Senior Foreign Service,

United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF), –165, ,

Upstairs Maid (B-17), , , , , ,

urine across face of Travis,

USO shows, , ,

V-1/V-2s, –257

Vasquez, Manuel, ,

Valerian,

VE Day,

Vegesack, Germany, –96

Vendeville, France,

Veterans Administration,

Vicious Virgin (B-17),

Vieira, Joe, , ,

VIII Bomber Command, , , , ,

Virag, Andy,

Virgin Harlot (B-17),

Vogel, Sebastian, –78, , –92, –93

Völklingen, Germany,

volunteers, 303rd, , , , ,

Vosler, Forrest, , , –162, , , , , , –405

Wabash Cannonball (B-17),

Waco PT-14s, ,

waist gunners, 303rd, , , , , , ,

Waldron, Leo,

Wallace, James, , , , ,

Wallaroo (B-17), , , –139, –178

Walruses,

war bond tours, ,

Watten, France, –123,

weather impact, , –44, , , –58, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , –191, , , , , –218, , , , , –271, , , , , , , , –343, , –354, , –392

“we checked our parachutes” (Cogswell),

Wehrmacht,

Weinberg, Howard George, –390

Weinreich, Otto,

Wellington bombers,

“we poured them into the back of the airplane” (Schulstad),

Werewolf (B-17), , –79

Werner, William, –203

“we shut down everything then” (O’Leary),

Westover, Oscar, –18

“we were all very frightened” (Sersland),

“what the hell is going on up there?” (Miller),

Whippo, Lawrence,

White, Van “Rip”

anxiety of men before missions,

background of, –13,

Brussels sprouts and mutton,

Doolittle and, , ,

Hamill’s uniforms and,

“it’s a small world” episode,

London celebrity,

loss of comrades, ,

operations clerk,

post-WWII,

prostitution in London,

wake-up crews, –171

Wiegand, Gerd, –182

Wiesbaden, Germany, –281,

Wilhelmshaven, Germany, ,

Willett, Clarence,

Williams, James O., –187

Williams, Robert, –116

Williams, Roy,

Wilton Shipyard, Rotterdam,

Winchester, England,

Winwick, England,

Witherwax, Leon,

Woddrop, Edward,

Wolf, Lawrence,

Wolfenbüttel, Germany, ,

Women’s Royal Naval Service (WRNS),

“World War,”

World War I, , , , , ,

World War II, , , , . See also bomber crews of World War II; Germany/Germans; United States of America; specific missions

Worthley, Joe,

Wright Field, Ohio,

Wrigley’s gum,

Wulfe Hound (B-17),

Würzburg, Germany,

Wyler, William, –98

Yahoodi (B-17), ,

Yannie, Emilio,

YB-17s,

Yonkman, Robert,

Y-operators, ,

“you are going to have to stay in there and fight them” (Stevens),

“you could have heard a pin drop” (Heller),

“you’ll be sorry,” –238

Zee, Zuider,

Zeitz, Germany,

Zenowksi (Doctor),

Ziesche, Charles,

Zsampar, Joseph,

Zürich, Switzerland,

Zweck, William, –317

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